Development The Model of Paternal Involvement in Early Childhood Development: Case Study in Nong Ya Plong district Phetchaburi Province
Keywords:development on the model, paternal involvement, child development, early childhood
This research and development aimed to study 1) situational analysis of paternal involvement in early childhood development 2) development the model of paternal involvement in early childhood development 3) assessment the effectiveness of the model of paternal involvement in early childhood development and 4) the paternal satisfaction in the program and guideline of paternal involvement in early childhood development. The participants consisted of 104 fathers; whose children studied in children development centers and 24 healthcare providers in primary care centers and teachers in child development centers. The design was quantitative and qualitative study. Three validated, self-reported questionnaires, semi-structure interview, and try out the model of paternal involvement in early childhood development were used for data collection. The results revealed the overall knowledge mean score (52.88 percent) of paternal in early childhood development was in low-level. The practical mean score (40.38 percent) of paternal in early childhood development was in medium level. The overall behavior of the participation of paternal in early childhood development was in medium level ( = 3.50, SD = .65).
Regarding the effectiveness of the model of paternal involvement in early childhood development, the average mean scores of knowledges, practical, and participation of paternal in early childhood development of the experimental group were higher than the control group with statistically significant differences (p < .001). These findings provide healthcare professionals and teachers in child development centers should encourage paternal to participate in early childhood development by integrated the model in activities. For example, encourage paternal to evaluate child development or participation of paternal in the meeting.
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