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This research aimed at developing a smoking cessation model based on motivational interviewing for university students and at evaluating the model’s effectiveness. Three phases were used for this study: 1) situation analysis, 2) the operational phase, and 3) evaluation of the model. The participants were selected by purposive sampling, divided into two group according to the development phase. Situation analysis phase consisted of model developers; staff members who have responsibility for a smoke free university policy, student nurses, and students who smoke, a total for 20 people. The operational phase, model trial group consisted of 27 student nurses, and 27 students who smoke. Data were collected between 1 June 2018 to 30 June 2019. The instruments used in this study were group interview questions, knowledge and skill for smoking cessation base on motivational interviewing testing, and questionnaires about the intention to quit smoking. Data were analyzed by content analysis, and Pair t-test.
The results of this study indicated that student nurses got significantly increased scores for knowledge and skill about smoking cessation based on motivational interviewing after applying the model (Mean diff. = 9.55, 25.59 Respectively, p-value<.001). The students who smoke significantly increased their score about their intention to quit smoking after applying the model (Mean diff. = 2.00, p-value<.001). It is suggested that this model should be applied at other universities to develop students’ potential for smoking cessation and to reduce the number of young smokers.
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The ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses are those of the authors and not necessarily those
of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
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