Incidence Rates and Impact of Pneumonia in Pong Hospital
Keywords:Incidence Rates, Impact, Pneumonia
The purposes of this analytical research design (retrospective cohort study) were analyzed incidence rates and impact of pneumonia in Pong Hospital from 279 medical record during January 2019 till Dec 2019. The research instruments comprised of two parts; medical record and International Classification of Diseases of pneumonia and sepsis. Data were analyzed descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test and the crude odds ratio (OR).
The findings of this research study revealed that age more than 65 years were most morbidity rate, mean length of stay was 5.09 days and average expenditure was 8724.05 baht per person. Hypertension had statistically significant risk factors related to pneumonia. (OR=0.4, 95%CI=.237-.676, p=.001). The risk factors related to sepsis among pneumonia patients with a significant p-value<0.05 were: who older than 65 years old (OR=0.55, 95%CI=.276-.954, p=.035), underlying disease (OR=0.41, 95%CI=.197-.862, p=.019), diabetes mellitus (OR=0.40, 95%CI=.180-.900, p=.027), Stroke (OR=0.36, 95%CI=.134-.985, p=.047) and hypokalemia (OR=0.46, 95%CI=.244-.857, p=.015).
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