A Feasibility Study of the Parental Sensitivity Intervention on Attachment and Self-Efficacy of Mothers and Fathers of Preterm Infants
Keywords:attachment, feasibility, parental sensitivity, preterm infants, self-efficacy
This pre-experimental design with pretest-posttest and follow-up measures aimed to determine the feasibility of the parental sensitivity intervention by comparing mother-infant attachment, maternal self-efficacy, father-infant attachment and paternal self-efficacy among mothers and fathers in the care of preterm infants. A pre-experimental design with pretest, posttest and follow-up measures was employed. The participants were recruited through a purposive sampling method with four triads of mother, father and preterm infants who were admitted to a sick newborn ward at a hospital in Thailand. The research instruments for data collection included the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire and the Maternal/Paternal Confidence Questionnaire with Cronbach’s alpha reliability of 0.73 and 0.75, respectively. The parental sensitivity intervention contained four sessions with 60-90 minutes per session. Descriptive statistics and Friedman test were used to analyze the data.
The results found that a significant difference over the three time measures of the outcome variables. Mother-infant attachment, mother’s self-efficacy, father-infant attachment and father’s self-efficacy at posttest and follow-up periods were better than those at pretest (p<.05). These findings indicate that the parental sensitivity intervention would be appropriate and feasible for further implementation.
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