The Effects of Health Promotion Program for Teenage Pregnancy on Total Gestational Weight Gain and Infant Birth Weight

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่jitrapee buranasak

Abstract

This quasi-experimental study was aimed to examine the effect of a health promotion program for teenage pregnant women on total gestational weight gain and infant birthweight using the concept of Pender’s Health Promotion Model. Teenage pregnant women were purposively selected and randomly assigned into the control and experimental groups (n = 26 for each group). The control group received standard nursing care, and the experimental group received the health promotion intervention program. The program comprised group and individual education using multimedia and discussion, 24-hr diet diary, and a questionnaire asking for an individual’s eating problems and barriers. Total gestational weight gain and infant birth weight were collected. Data were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test and independent t-test.


The results show that the proportion of total gestation weight gain based on body mass index in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (p <.05), and the mean birthweight in the experimental group was also significantly higher than the control group (p <.05). The results of this research suggest that teenage pregnant women with low body mass index, nurses should provide health promotion programs for pregnant women with standard nursing care.

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1.
buranasak่. The Effects of Health Promotion Program for Teenage Pregnancy on Total Gestational Weight Gain and Infant Birth Weight. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2020Sep.4 [cited 2020Oct.21];21(2):434-42. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JRTAN/article/view/240811
Section
Research Articles

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