Main Article Content
This quasi-experimental study was aimed to examine the effect of a health promotion program for teenage pregnant women on total gestational weight gain and infant birthweight using the concept of Pender’s Health Promotion Model. Teenage pregnant women were purposively selected and randomly assigned into the control and experimental groups (n = 26 for each group). The control group received standard nursing care, and the experimental group received the health promotion intervention program. The program comprised group and individual education using multimedia and discussion, 24-hr diet diary, and a questionnaire asking for an individual’s eating problems and barriers. Total gestational weight gain and infant birth weight were collected. Data were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test and independent t-test.
The results show that the proportion of total gestation weight gain based on body mass index in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (p <.05), and the mean birthweight in the experimental group was also significantly higher than the control group (p <.05). The results of this research suggest that teenage pregnant women with low body mass index, nurses should provide health promotion programs for pregnant women with standard nursing care.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
บทความหรือข้อคิดเห็นใดใดที่ปรากฏในวารสารพยาบาลทหารบกเป็นวรรณกรรมของผู้เขียน ซึ่งบรรณาธิการหรือสมาคมพยาบาลทหารบก ไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วย
The ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses are those of the authors and not necessarily those
of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
2. O-Prasertsawat P.Teenage pregnancy:Impact and prevention.in:Wongsiridech P editors. Perinatal medicine in Practice .1sted. Bangkok: The Perinatal Medicine Association of Thailand; 2013. (In Thai)
3. Suebneukarn C. Pregnancy outcomes in adolescent women at Surin Hospital. Medical Journal of Srisaket Surin Buriram Hospitals. 2011; 26(1) :124-8. (in Thai)
4. Omar K. Adolescent pregnancy outcomes and risk factors in Malaysia. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2010; 111(3) :220-23.
5. EdirneT.Trends, characteristics, and outcomes of adolescent pregnancy in eastern Turkey. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2010; 110(2): 115-8.
6. Sananpanichkul P, Leaungsomnapa Y. Teenage pregnancy: maternal factors affecting the baby. J Prapokklao Hosp Clin Med Educat Center. 2015; 32(2):147-56. (in Thai)
7. Shrim A, Ates S, Mallozzi A, Brown R, Ponette V, leven l, et al. Is young maternal age really a risk factor adverse pregnancy outcome in a Canadian tertiary referral hospital. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011; 24(4): 218-22.
8. Punsuwun S, et al. Experiences after pregnancy among unmarried adolescents in upper North. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing. 2013; 33(3):17-35. (in Thai)
9. Pillitteri A. Maternal & Child Health Nursing: Care of the Childbearing & Childrearing family. 6th ed. China: Lippincott William & Wilking; 2010.
10. Suwanna Chaingkuntod.Knowledge and Behavior on Food Consumption of Pasi Charoen Persons. Nonthaburi: Health Systems Research Institute;2013. (in Thai)
11. Boonlarp Thipjan, Wonpen Kaewpan. Factors related to self-care behaviors of teenage pregnant women inPhetchaburi province. Journal of The office of DPC7 Khon Kaen 2011; 11(1):41-60. (in Thai)
12. Nancy, J. Wise.Survey of adolescent views of healthy eating during pregnancy. The AmericanJournal of Maternal/Child Nursing2011; 36(6), 381-386.
13. Pender N. J., Murdaugh, C. L & Parsons, M.A. Health promotion in nursing practice. 8thed. New Jersey: Pearson Education;2018.
14. Chalermporn Thitpad, Pannee Banchonhattakit. Effects of Eating Behavior Program for Pregnant Women with Weight Gain during Pregnancy in ANC Clinic, Tertiary Hospital, Khon Kaen Province. Srinagarind Medical Journal 2012;27(4): 347-53(in Thai)
15. Piyathida Summawan, Nittaya Sinsuksai. Effectsof a Nutrition Promotion Program on Pregnancy Outcomes in Adolescents. Kuakarun Journal of Nursing 2013;20(20): 100-15. (in Thai)
16. Ratana Petcharapun, Chintana Wacharasin. The effects of nutritional promotion program on fetal growth and pregnancy weight gain among pregnant women with low body mass index in a private clinic Chon-Buri province. The Public Health Journal of Burapha University 2015;10(1):130-44. (in Thai)