Predictive Factors of Parental Behaviors on Promote Development of Executive Functions (EF) Skills among Early Childhood in Chaing Rai Province


  • Usa Thohinung School of nursing, Mae Fah Luang University
  • Pimrat Boonyapuk School of Nursing, Mae Fah Luang University
  • Salisa Kodyee School of Nursing, Mae Fah Luang University


predictive factors, executive functions skills, parents


This research was cross-sectional study aimed to predict the parental behaviors and related factors promote to development of executive functions skills among early childhood in Chaingrai province. The multistage random sampling technique was used and 396 Thai early childhood and their parents were recruited in this study. The research instruments included the executive functions development assessment form and the behavioral questionnaire for promoting early childhood development, consisting of 1) personal information 2) perceived benefits of action 3) perceived barriers to action 4) perceived self-efficacy 5) activity-related affect and 6) family support. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression.

The results showed that early childhood age between 2-5 years 11 moths 29 days had a moderate level of develop executive functions skills and the behavior of the parents for promoting executive functions development had a middle level (M 3.28, SD 0.68). Parental behaviors of perceiving the barriers to action was the significantly predictor of the development of executive functions skills among childhood (R = 0.686, R2 = 0.432, p <0.001), which showed that parents’ perceived barriers had a high level, affected to promote executive functions development. Therefore, these findings suggested that providing knowledge of executive functions for parents is vital intervention for reducing the perceived barriers and improve executive functions outcome.


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How to Cite

Thohinung อ, Boonyapuk พ, Kodyee ศ. Predictive Factors of Parental Behaviors on Promote Development of Executive Functions (EF) Skills among Early Childhood in Chaing Rai Province. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2022 May 4 [cited 2022 Jun. 29];23(1):344-52. Available from:



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