The Improvement of Patient Lateral Transfer Equipment to Reduce the Risk of Back Pain of Hospital Personnel: A Pilot Study
Keywords:Patient lateral transfer, Back pain, hospital personnel
The purpose of this quasi-pilot study was to assess the risk of back pain of laterally transferring a patient between bed and stretcher (lateral transfer) in hospital personnel. And improve the patient’s transport equipment to reduce the risk of back pain. The sample was 4 hospital porters that performing this task in the hospital. The record form of lifting index and EMG were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics analysis were used to analyze the data.
The study found that the improvement of the device by using bed sheet in the horizontal direction by applying the lifting suggestion decreased the workload of back muscles of the sample standing at the bedside. When evaluated with the lifting equation, it was found that the horizontal distance decreased. As a result, the lifting index decreased from 2.13 to 1.94. EMG of back muscles revealed that the back muscles function decreased in the samples who stood at the bedside. But in the sample at the stretcher-side, it was found that the lifting index did not change. The EMG of the back muscles did not change significantly. The conclusion is an application of lifting suggestions can reduce the risk of low back pain in nursing personnel that performs patient transferring tasks from stretcher to bed while standing at the bedside, but not reduce the risk in the samples at the stretcher-side.
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