Goals in Life and The Differences of Cognitive Skills, Social Skills, and Pregnancy Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Women in Nakhon Si Thammarat


  • Kannika Saengprajong Walailak University
  • Jirawan Klayvised Walailak University


Goal in life, Cognitive skills, Social skills, Pregnancy prevention behavior, Adolescent women


This descriptive research (purposive sampling) aimed to study and compare cognitive skills, social skills, and pregnancy prevention behavior of adolescent women in Nakhon Si Thammarat with those who had life goals and those without. The subjects were 351 students studying in Mattayom (secondary school) 1-6 and vocational training certificate 1-3. Questionnaires were used to collect personal data, life goals, cognitive skills, social skills and pregnancy prevention behaviors among these teenage women. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent samples t-test.

The results indicated that the average age group was 15.8 years (SD = 1.6), had goals in life (80.3%), with the numerically highest goal in life being a good occupation (33.6%). Nearly one-third stated that they were without a goal in life (26.5 percent). The average score of cognitive skills in media literacy skills for the group of those girls with life goals was statistically significantly higher (t = 2.19, p = .02) than those without life goals. In addition, the average score of social skills in self-management of health conditions of those with goals in the life group was statistically significantly higher than those without goals in life group (t = 2.40, p = .01). However, with regard to preventive pregnancy behavior, both groups had an average score not significantly statistically different (t = 0.49, p = .62).


Download data is not yet available.


Theme-Filha MM, Baldisserotto ML, Fraga ACSA, Ayers S, Gama SGNd, Leal MdC. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy in Brazil: cross-sectional results from the birth in brazil national survey, 2011/2012 Reproductive Health. 2016; 13(1): 235-65.

World Health Organization. Adolescent birth rate data by WHO region. Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2020.

World Bank Group. Adolescent fertility rate (births for 1,000 women age 15-19). United State: World Bank Group; 2020.

Her P, Higgins J, Sicinski K, Merkurieva I. The implications of unintended pregnancies for mental health in later life. American Journal of Public Health. 2016; 106(3): 421-9.

Anyanwu FC, Goon DT, Tugli A. Perception on the severity of unwanted pregnancy among university students. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29(4): 923-8.

Cadmus EO, Owoaje ET. Knowledge about complications and practice of abortion among female undergraduates in the university of Ibadan, Nigeria. Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine. 2011; 9(1): 19-23.

Bureau of Reproductive Health. Reproductive health situation in teens and young people in 2015. Nonthaburi: Department of Health; 2015. (in Thai)

Lertsakornsiri M. Factors associated with unwanted adolescent women pregnancy in the perceived of the first year students at Saint Louis college. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2014; 15(1): 90-8. (in Thai)

Olaitan OL. Perception of university students on unwanted pregnancy in south west Nigeria. American Journal of Social and Management Sciences. 2010; 1(2): 196-200.

Kar SK, Choudhury A, Singh AP. Understanding normal development of adolescent sexuality: a bumpy ride. Journal of Human Reproductive Science. 2015; 8(2): 70-4.

Wang H, Lu Long, Hui Cai, Yue Wu, Jing Xu, Chang Shu, et al. Contraception and unintended pregnancy among unmarried female university students: a cross-sectional study from China. Public Library of Science One. 2015; 10(6): 1-11.

Akintade OL, Pengpid S, Peltzer K. Awareness and use of and barriers to family planning services among female university students in Lesotho. SAJOG. 2011; 17(3): 72-8.

Sriring P, Chanaboon S, Khonroochinnapong K. Knowledge, attitudes, intention and factor effecting intention in prevention of unplanned pregnant and having safe sex between teenagers in Khon Kaen province. Paper presented at: The 4th conference 2014 “rethink: social development for sustainability in ASEAN community”. Proceeding of The 4th conference 2014 “rethink: social development for sustainability in ASEAN community”: 2014 Jun 11-13 ; Khon Kaen, Thailand. (in Thai)

Meesin R, Don FMU. Adolescence’s unwanted pregnancies “causes and results” a case study of rural areas in Khon Kaen province. Paper presented at: The 2nd PCRU National conference: Research for Local Development. Proceeding of The 2nd PCRU National conference: Research for Local Development: 2015 Feb 14; Phetchabun. Thailand. (in Thai)

Geounuppakul M. Teenage pregnancy. In: Kovavisarat E, Promsonthi P, Chanratchakul B, editors. Pregnancy in high-risk mothers. Bangkok: Union Creation; 2011. (in Thai)

Edwards M, Wood F, Davies M, Edwards A. The development of health literacy in patients with a long-term health condition: the health literacy pathway model. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12(130): 1-15.

Lee B, Vondraceka FW. Teenage goals and self-efficacy beliefs as precursors of adult career and family outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2014; 85(2): 228-37.

Karabanova OA, Bukhalenkova DA. Perception of success in adolescents. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2016; 233(1): 13-7.

Yamane T. Statistics. An introductory analysis. Third edition: Harper & Row; 1973.

Health Education Division Department of Health Service Support. Health literacy scale for unwanted pregnancy prevention of Thai female adolescents. n.p.: Ministry of Public Health; 2014. (in Thai)

Balthip K, Petchruschatachart U, Piriyakoontorn S, Tiraphat N, Liamputtong P. Application of purpose in life and self-sufficient economic philosophy in enhancing the holistic health promotion of Thai adolescents. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing. 2016; 36(3): 111-30. (in Thai)

Bronk KC, Finch WH, Talib TL. Purpose in life among high ability adolescents. High Ability Studies. 2010; 21(2): 133-45.

Srimuang S, Powwattana A, Lagampan S. The effects of health literacy promotion program on teenage pregnancy prevention among early adolescent girls in school under Bangkok metropolitan administration. Journal of Health and Nursing Research. 2019; 35(3): 74-85. (in Thai)

Suwanphahu B, Tuicomepee A, Kaemkate W. Applying logotherapy to enhance the wellness of young delinquents with drug abuse. Journal of Health Research. 2016; 30(4): 275-9.



How to Cite

Saengprajong ก, Klayvised จ. Goals in Life and The Differences of Cognitive Skills, Social Skills, and Pregnancy Prevention Behavior among Adolescent Women in Nakhon Si Thammarat. J Royal Thai Army Nurses [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 25 [cited 2022 May 25];22(1):166-75. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JRTAN/article/view/240231



Research Articles