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Hepatitis B virus is a partially double-stranded DNA virus. Once it enters the body, it focuses on destroying liver cells. The hepatitis B virus contains an outer envelope and an inner core. The outer envelope is composed of a surface protein called the hepatitis B surface antigen or HBsAg (hepatitis B core antigen). The inner core of the virus is a protein shell referred to as the hepatitis B core, which contains the hepatitis B virus DNA and enzymes used in viral replication. Hitpatitis B is spread by percutaneous or mucosa exposure to infected blood and various body fluides, as well as through saliva. When pregnant women have hepatitis B virus, they are at risk to pass the virus to their fetuses as the transmission can happen during pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum period. Therefore, nurses who play an important role in caring of pregnant women should have knowledge and understanding about caring of pregnant women with hepatitits B carrier continually from delivery and after giving birth periods to prevent the spread of the virus in providing recommendation for taking care of themselves to promote their health, reduce severity of the disease, and reduce complications that probably happen to fetuses.
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บทความหรือข้อคิดเห็นใดใดที่ปรากฏในวารสารพยาบาลทหารบกเป็นวรรณกรรมของผู้เขียน ซึ่งบรรณาธิการหรือสมาคมพยาบาลทหารบก ไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วย
The ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses are those of the authors and not necessarily those
of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
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