Main Article Content
Risk factors of stroke in hypertensive patients divided into 2 parts were 1) personal factors were male, increasing ages, diabetes mellitus, obesity, hyperdyslipidemia, atrial fibrillation, family history with stroke, duration of hypertension illness, and high blood pressure. 2) health behavior factors were no adherence to anti-hypertensive medication, no exercise, inappropriate consuming, alcohol consumption and smoking. If no behavior change or inappropriate treatment will leading to main organ complications especially brain causes ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Patient with stroke will confront with remain disability which is effect to patient minds and burden caregiving to the family and also high cost patient care. So, the stroke prevention in hypertensive patients by advice the adherence to anti-hypertensive medication, appropriate consuming, regular exercise, no alcohol consumption and tobacco cessation are important to prevent stroke in the future.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
บทความหรือข้อคิดเห็นใดใดที่ปรากฏในวารสารพยาบาลทหารบกเป็นวรรณกรรมของผู้เขียน ซึ่งบรรณาธิการหรือสมาคมพยาบาลทหารบก ไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วย
The ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses are those of the authors and not necessarily those
of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
2. Bureau of Non-Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Public Health. World Stroke Day 2016. Bangkok: Bureau of Non-Communicable Diseases; 2016. (in Thai)
3. Strategy and Planning Division, Ministry of Public Health. Public Health Statistics 2017. Bangkok: Siam Charoen Commercial; 2018. (in Thai)
4. Strategy and Planning Division, Ministry of Public Health. Public Health Statistics 2015. Bangkok: Siam Charoen Commercial; 2016. (in Thai)
5. PhajaNee K. Rehabilitation of Stroke Patients. Bangkok: Textbooks, Journals and Publications Medical Technology Education Mahidol University; 2007. (in Thai)
6. Nijasri C. S. Stroke Epidemiology in Thailand. Journal of Stroke. 2014; 16(1): 1-7.
7. Bureau of Non-Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Public Health. Manual for Preventing Chronic Non-communicable Diseases of Tambon Health Promotion Hospital. (3th ed). Bangkok: Office of Veterans Organization Printing Office; 2013. (in Thai)
8. Phutthawong W. At al. Factors Associated with Stroke in Hypertensive Patients, Payao Province. Journal of Public Health. 2014; 44(1): 30-45.
9. Hornsten C. et al. High Blood Pressure as a Risk Factor for Incident Stroke Among very Old People: a Population-based Cohort Study. Journal of Hypertension. 2016; 34(10): 2059-2065.
10. Satirapanya C., Sathiranya P. & TraiChan C. Prevalence of Risk Factors for Stroke and Depression after Stroke in Phatthalung Province: Cross-sectional study. Songkhla Nakarin Vejsarn Journal. 2014; 32(5): 275-282.
11. Grinnon S.T. et al. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Common Data Element Project-approach and methods. ClinicalTrials (London, England) 2012; 9(3): 322-329.
12. Hajat C. et al. Ethnic Differences in Risk Factors for Ischemic Stroke: A European Case-Control Study. Stroke. 2004; 35(7): 1562-1567.
13. Sarnowski B. et al. Lifestyle Risk factors for Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack in Young Adults in the Stroke in Young Fabry Patients Study. Stroke. 2013; 44(1): 119-125.
14. Suwanwela N. C. Stroke Epidemiology in Thailand. Journal of Stroke. 2014; 16(1): 1-7.
15. Blood Pressure Association of Thailand. Guidelines for the treatment of Hypertension In General Practice 2012 (Revised 2015). Bangkok: Blood Pressure Association of Thailand; 2015. (in Thai)
16. Nilnate N., Jirapornkul C. & Maneenin N. Factors Associated with Stroke in Hypertensive Patients, Buengkan Province. Journal of Health Education. 2018; 41(1): 62-75.
17. Chuangchan S. Factors Associated with Stroke in Hypertensive Patients, Bueng Bun Hospital Srisaket Province. Medical Journal.2015; 29(1): 233-239.
18. Neurology Institute and Neurological Nursing Club of Thailand. Clinical Nursing Practice Guideline for Stroke. (1th ed). Bangkok: Thanaplace Company Limited; 2016. (in Thai)
19. Wichai C., Pandongnok S. & Sawanyawisut K. Knowledge of Hypertension. (1th ed) Khon Kaen: Health Promotion Unit, Social Medicine, Srinagarind Hospital; 2015. (in Thai)
20. Sichak P. et al. Factors Related to Self-management to Control Blood Pressure Levels of People with Hypertension. Journal of Health Education. 2013; 36(2): 17-29.
21. Singphu K. et al. Cost of Stroke Uutpatients Srinagarind Hospital. Journal of Srinakarin Medical. 2009; 24 (1): 54-59.
22. Chantra R. et al. Care for Stroke Patients with a Multidisciplinary Team. Journal of Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2017; 18 (special): 49-55. (in Thai)
23. Saengsuwan J. Stroke and Effects. Journal of the Neuroscience Society Northeastern region. 2012; 7 (3): 39-49.
24. Bureau of Non-Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Public Health. Nursing Course for Non-communicable Diseases in The Community (Diabetes and Hypertension). (1thed). Bangkok: Kaew Chao Chom Media and Publishing Center Suan Sunandha
Rajabhat University; 2017. (in Thai)
25. Tongsiri S. Cigarettes and Stroke: The more You Smoke, The more Risky. Journal of Public Health. 2013; 43(3): 296-312.