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This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to improve Breast self-examination (BSE) behavior among adult women through the analysis and synthesis method. A systematic review and meta-analysis methodology was used as the research design. The search of existing literature was performed using electronic databases. The search terms that were used were “Breast self-examination” and “self-breast examination”. Literature published between 2000 and 2018, comprising of eight articles which met inclusion criteria were selected.
The study showed eight full-text articles met the eligible criteria used for a systematic review and meta-analysis. The results of the meta-analysis found overall interventions which had a significant positive effect on improving BSE behaviours in adult women with a combined effect size 0.82 (95% CI = 0.24-1.40). The educational programe based on health belief model was the most effective intervention used to improve BSE behaviours of all interventions with the highest combined effect size 2.72 (95% CI = 2.17-3.27). The findings of subgroup analysis showed that the interventions cooperated with a reminder to BSE perform monthly which had a significant and overall effect on improving BSE with a combined effect size 0.83 (95% CI=0.13-1.52).
The findings of this research are useful for nurses and healthcare providers to choose an intervention to encourage adult women to perform BSE effectively.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
บทความหรือข้อคิดเห็นใดใดที่ปรากฏในวารสารพยาบาลทหารบกเป็นวรรณกรรมของผู้เขียน ซึ่งบรรณาธิการหรือสมาคมพยาบาลทหารบก ไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วย
The ideas and opinions expressed in the Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses are those of the authors and not necessarily those
of the editor or Royal Thai Army Nurses Association.
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