He Protective Factors Influence On Psychological Well-Being Among Aging People
Keywords:Psychological well-being, Aging people
Psychological well-being is an important factor to promote quality of life in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine factors influencing psychological well-being among older adults. Multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit the samples. There included 108 older adults in Bang Pakong District, Chachoengsao Province. Research instruments consisted of a Personal information record, Instrumental activities of daily living questionnaire, Adherence and religious practices questionnaire, Optimism questionnaire,
Resilience questionnaire and Psychological well-being questionnaire Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities: .911, .989, .900, .982 and .946 respectively. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients and Stepwise multiple regression analysis. The study findings showed that the sample’s mean score of psychological well-being was in high level (M = 56.94, SD = 6.40). The predictable variables included optimism and resilience (β = .630, .334, p < .001 respectively). These two significant factors accounted for 71.6% (R2 = .716, Adjusted R2 = .711, F = 132.410, p < .05) of the variance in explanation of psychological well-being. These finding clearly indicated that optimism and resilience have influenced on psychological well-being. Therefore nurse should concern about promoting these factors in order to promote psychological well-being in older adults.
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