The Effects Of A Mindfulness Based Practice On Stress Among Inmates
Keywords:inmates, stress, mindfulness program
This quasi experimental research aimed to examine the effects of a mindfulness based practice on stress among inmates. The study sample consisted of 60 males and females who aged between 18-59 years and remand prison in Eastern prisons. They were randomly assigned to either experimental or control group (n = 30 in each group).The experimental group received mindfulness based practice for 8 weeks period. Participants in the control group received only routine care the prison center. The research instruments were the following: 1) a personal data questionnaire;. 2) The Mindfulness program; 3) The participant’s stress scores were measured using the self-analysis stress test. The peer support group program was validated for content validity by 3 professional experts and the mental health self-care scale, with a Cronbach alpha coefficient reliability of .81 Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, dependent t-test, and independent t-test. Results showed that after receiving the mindfulness based practice; 1) The inmates in the experimental group had decrease in the mean of the stress score (M = 14.86, S.D = 1.942) than the pre-test mean scores (M = 26.63, SD = 2.44) (t = 25.36, p<.001). Furthermore, 2) The mean difference between pre-test and post-test stress score of the inmates in the experimental group ( 1 = -11.766, SD = 2.54) was higher than the mean difference of the control group receiving routine care ( 2 = 1.90, SD = 3.30) (t = 12.96, p<.001). Thus, the result of this study could be used as an alternative for designing and intervention program aiming on stress for the inmates.
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