The Thai National Mental Health Survey 2013: Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Megacities: Bangkok

  • Sinngern Sooksompong Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Patanon Kwansanit Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Suttha Supanya Prasrimahabhodi Psychiatric Hospital, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Worawan Chutha Bureau of Mental Health Service Administration, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon Bureau of Mental Health Service Administration, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Dussadee Udomittipong Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Wattanaporn Piboonarluk Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
  • Sawitree Saengsawang Somdet Chaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health
Keywords: Mental disorders, Bangkok, Epidemiology, CIDI, TMNHS2013

Abstract

Objective

: To determine the prevalence of mental disorders and their possible associated socio-demographic risk factors in Bangkok.

Methods

: The Thai National Mental Health Survey 2013’s (TNMHS2013) is a cross-sectional community survey of Thais aged 18 and above using four-stage, non-replaceable sampling from Bangkok and four other regions serving as the primary stratum. Respondents were directly interviewed by trained interviewers using the Thai version of World Mental Health - Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3.0 (WMH-CIDI 3.0). The data of respondents from Bangkok was separately extracted and analysed for weighted prevalence in percentage, standard errors and Pearson Chi-squared test.

Results

: Of the 1,272 eligible respondents from Bangkok, 715 (56.2%) consented and completed the interview. The overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Bangkok is 9.3%, with the prevalence of any substance-use disorder being highest (5.6%), followed by at least one psychotic-like experience (1.7%). The prevalence of suicidality in respondents with any mental disorders in Bangkok is 32.9% with 15.3% of those reporting at least one psychotic-like experience. This is the only condition whose prevalence is statistically difference from the rest of the country.

Conclusion

: Prevalence of mental disorders in Bangkok is comparably lower than those reported by other megacities. Disorder of highest prevalence is any substance-use disorders. The prevalence of suicidality is found highest in those reporting at least one psychotic-like experience.

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How to Cite
Sooksompong, S., Kwansanit, P., Supanya, S., Chutha, W., Kittirattanapaiboon, P., Udomittipong, D., Piboonarluk, W., & Saengsawang, S. (1). The Thai National Mental Health Survey 2013: Prevalence of Mental Disorders in Megacities: Bangkok. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 61(1), 75-88. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPAT/article/view/54842