Factors Associated with Depression in Adolescents with Cyberbullying
Objective : To study factors associated with depression in adolescents with cyberbullying.
Methods : A cross-sectional descriptive study using a self-report questionnaire consisting of
demographic data, cyberbullying, Children’s depression inventory (CDI), Rosenberg
self- esteem scale-revised version (RSES-Revised), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (10-Item
CD-RISC), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) was conducted
in 275 students in grade 8 and 9 from 3 schools in Bangkok, Thailand.
Result : From 275 participants, a sample of 210 students with cyberbullying have 76 depression
(36.2%). Significant factors associated with depression are GPA, school environment,
self-esteem, resilience, social supports (family, friend and significant others supports. The low
GPA is more related to depression than the high GPA (p = 0.045). The low school environment
scores are more related to depression (spearman r = -0.319). Low self-esteem is associated
with depression more than high self-esteem (p <0.001). Low level of resilience is associated
with depression more than high resilience (p = 0.002). All subjects with low level of resilience
have depression. Low social supports associated with depression more than high social
supports (p <0.001). Low family, friends and significant others supports are more associated
with depression (p = <0.001, <0.001, 0.001 respectively). After adjusting potential confounding
variables affect depression, three factors were significantly associated with depression in
adolescents with cyberbullying were unsafety school environment (p = 0.02), low self-esteem
(p < 0.001) and low family supports (p = 0.048)
Conclusion : Factors associated with depression in adolescents with cyberbullying are school
environment, self-esteem and family support.
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