Examining the Factor Structure of the Standardized Achievement Test for Thai Learners

  • Araya Pontanya Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Chiang Mai University
  • Janyaporn Jiamjaroenkul Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital
  • Kulvadee Thongpibul Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Chiang Mai University
  • Chaiyun Sakulsriprasert Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Chiang Mai University
  • Siree Udomphol Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Chiang Mai University
  • Siwaporn Tuitemwong Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital
  • Wansiri Panyo Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital
  • Savika Chaiboonyarak Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital
Keywords: achievement test; factor structure; Thai learners

Abstract

Objectives : To examine factor structure of standardized achievement test for Thai
learners developed by the authors.
Methods : In this study, a new standard test which is a standardized achievement test
for Thai learners was developed for measures learning abilities of Thai students.
This study aimed to examine factorial validity of the test using confirmatory factor
analysis with multitrait-multimethod model. The participants were 375 Thai students
grade 1-6 in Chiangmai and Bangkok.
Results : According to confirmatory factor analysis and modified model by specifying
additional latent variables using multitrait-multimethod model, the results supported six
factors model of academic achievement consisted of reading, writing, mathematics,
basic academic skill academic comprehension and academic fluency (χ2= 91.382
df = 32, χ2/df = 2.856, RMSEA = .070, SRMR = .017 and CFI = .988)
Conclusion : The results indicate that the standardized achievement test for Thai
learners has good factorial structure which can be used for evaluating cognitive abilities
that related to learning disabilities.

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Published
2020-06-24
How to Cite
Pontanya, A., Jiamjaroenkul, J., Thongpibul, K., Sakulsriprasert, C., Udomphol, S., Tuitemwong, S., Panyo, W., & Chaiboonyarak, S. (2020). Examining the Factor Structure of the Standardized Achievement Test for Thai Learners. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 65(2), 117-130. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPAT/article/view/243543