Correlation between Self-esteem and Parenting Style in Adolescents with ADHD
Objective : To study the correlation between level of self-esteem and parenting style in
adolescents with Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Methodology : A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the Child and
Adolescent Psychiatry Outpatient Unit, Siriraj hospital. One hundred and three
participants with ADHD, aged 12-18 years, completed 3 self-report questionnaires,
including demographic data, the Pictorial Thai Self-esteem Scale and parenting style
rating scale. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA followed
by Post-Hoc multiple comparisons with Bonferroni (p < 0.05).
Results : Sixty-seven participants (65%) had a high level of self-esteem, followed by a
moderate level (34%), and a low level (1%). Fifty-three participants (51.5%) were
categorized into 4 parenting styles: 39.6% authoritative, 22.7% permissive, 20.8%
neglect and 16.9% authoritarian parenting style. Adolescents with different forms of
parenting style had significantly different levels of self-esteem (p = 0.005). The
self-esteem score of adolescents with the authoritative parenting style was significantly
higher than the neglect parenting style (p = 0.01), but did not statistically differ from
authoritarian and permissive parenting styles (p = 0.08 and 1.00, respectively).
Conclusion : Among adolescents with ADHD, the different parenting styles may affect
their self-esteem level. Authoritative parenting style may contribute to promote high
level of self-esteem.