Relations between parenting styles and bullying behaviors of 7th – 9th grade students from a secondary school in Bangkok

  • สวรรยา เสาวภาพ คณะแพทยศาสตร์ โรงพยาบาลรามาธิบดี มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล


Objectives          The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between parenting styles and bullying behaviors of 7th – 9th grade students from a secondary school in Bangkok and associated factors


Methods             A cross – sectional descriptive study was conducted in 7th – 9th grade 330 students from a secondary school in Bangkok in 2019. The students completed the questionnaires about personal data and family data. The parenting styles questionnaire was used to assess perceived parenting style. The Olweus Bully Victim Questionnaire – Thai version was used to assess bullying problems and the school data of The Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire - Thai version was used to assess mental health problems. The data were analyzed to investigate the associations between parenting styles and bullying and other associated factors

Results              The students had mean age at 13 year, 45.8 percent was male. We found that 21.2 percent of students was bullies, 9.1 percent was victims and 8.2 percent was bully/victims. The students perceived parenting styles as authoritative was 70.6 percent and authoritarian was 18.8 percent. The data analysis showed significant association that authoritarian style increased risk of victims 3.03 compared to authoritative style. The other associated factors of the victims were being male and having peer relationship problems.

Conclusion         The authoritarian parenting style was significantly associated with the victims students compared to authoritative parenting style.

Keywords           Parenting, Bullying


Download data is not yet available.


1. Gladden RM, Vivolo-Kantor AM, Hamburger ME, Lumplin CD. Bullying Surveillance Among Youths: Uniform Definitions for Public Health and Recommended Data Elements, version 1.0. Atlanta, Georgia; National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and U.S. Department of Education; 2014.
2. Swearer S, Wang C, Collins A, Strawhun J, Fluke S. Bullying: A School Mental Health Perspective. In: Handbook of School Mental Health: Research, Training, Practice, and Policy. 2nd Edition. New York: Springer Science+Business Media: 2014. p. 341-354.
3. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. School violence and bullying: Global status and trends, drivers and consequences. Paris: UNESCO: 2018. p. 3-15.
4. Craig W, Harel-Fisch Y, Fogel-Grinvald H, Dostaler S, Hetland J, Simos-Morton B, et al. A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries. Int J Public Health 2009; 54:216–224.
5. Bender D, Losel F. Bullying at school as a predictor of delinquency, violence and other anti-social behavior in adulthood. Crim Behav Ment Health 2011; 21:99 – 106.
6. Vaillancourt T, Brittain H, McDougall P, et al. Longitudinal links between childhood peer victimization, internalizing and externalizing problems, and academic functioning: developmental cascades. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2013; 41:1203–15.
7. Ekasawin S, Phothisut Ch. Prevalence of bullying experiences and psychiatric disorders in Thai students. Journal of Mental Health of Thailand 2017; 25(2): 96-106.
8. Takizawa R, Maughan B, Arseneault L. Adult health outcomes of childhood bullying victimization: evidence from a five-decade longitudinal British birth cohort. Am J Psychiatry 2014; 171(7):777–84.
9. Kaltiala-Heino R, Frojd S, Marttunen M. Involvement in bullying and depression in a 2-year follow-up in middle adolescence. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2010; 19:45–55.
10. Brunstein-Klomek A, Sourander A, Niemela S, et al. Childhood bullying behaviors as a risk for suicide attempts and completed suicides: A population-based birth cohort study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2009; 48:254–61.
11. Wolke D, Lereya ST. Long-term effects of bullying. Arch Dis Child 2015; 100(9):879–85.
12. Srabstein JC, Leventhal BL; World Health Organization. Prevention of bullying-related morbidity and mortality: a call for public health policies. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2010; 88:403.
13. Tapanya S. To explore the problem of bullying among students. Health Systems Reserch Institute (HSRI) Thai; 2006.
14. Sakarinkhul Ch, Wacharasindhu A. Prevalence of Bullying and Associated Psychosocial Factors among Lower Secondary School Students in Muang, Chiangmai. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand 2014; 59(3), 221-30.
15. Laeheem K., Sangkharat U., Relationships between affective characteristics factors, family upbringing factors, violence influence factors, and bullying behavior of Islamic private schools students’ in Songkhla province. Journal of Liberal Arts Prince of Songkla University 2012; 4(2):65 – 82.
16. Yaowabut A, Thiangtham W, Powwattan A, Nanthamongkolchai S, Predictive Factors for Adolescent Bullying Behavior in The Bangkok Metropolitan. Journal of Public Health Nursing Thailand, 2015; 29(2).
17. Baumrind, D., Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology Monograph 1971; 4:41-103.
18. Isaranurag S, Suthisukon P. Child rearing. Journal of Public Health and Development 2007; 5(1);105-118.
19. Maccoby E., Martin J., Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child interaction. In: Hetherington E.M., Mussen P.H., editers. Handbook of child psychology, Vol.4. Socialization, personality, and social development. New York: Wiley: 1983. p.1-101.
20. Maite G., Stress, competence, and parental educational styles VS Bully, Cyberully, Psicothema 2017; 29(3): 335-340.
21. Fuensanta C., Cecilia R.E., Consuelo S.L.,Julián J. A.G., Dimensions of parenting styles, social climate, and bullying victims, Psicothema 2018; 30(1):59-65.
22. Baldry, A.C., Farrington,D.P., Protective factors as moderators of risk factors in adolescence bullying. Social Psychology of Education 2005; 8:263–284.
23. Baldry, A. C.,Farrington, D. P., Parenting influences on bullying and victimization. Legal and Criminological Psychology 1998; 3(2):237–254.
24. Georgiou, S. N., Cultural value orientation and authoritarian parenting as parameters of bullying and victimization at school, Int J Psychol 2013; 48(1):69-78.
25. Ethem E., Role of Parental, School, and Peer Factors in Adolescent Bullying Involvement: Results From the Turkish HBSC 2005/2006 Study, Asia Pac J Public Health 2015; 27(2):1591–1603.
26. Wayne W.D., Biostatistics: A Foundation of Analysis in the Health Sciences. 6th ed. New York: John Wiley&Sons, Inc.; 1995.
27. Pavakul K, Sukanich P. The Study of Bully Behaviors and the Level of Self-Esteem in a Bangkok Secondary School. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand 2011; 56(1): 35-44.
28. Kititussaranee S., Sontirat S., Surinya T., The Relationship between Patenting Styles and Depression of the Fourth Level Student. Ramathibodi Nursing Journal, 2009; 15(1):36-47.
29. Pengpid S. and Peltzer K., Bullying and Its Associated Factors Among School-Aged Adolescents in Thailand, The Scientific World Journal, 2013: 1-6.
30. Ray J.M., Walter G., Soutullo C.A., Oppositional defiant and conduct dysorders. In: Martin A., Bloch M.H., Volkmar F R. editers, Lewis’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Walters Kluwer: 2018. p.1096-1131.
31. Peek C., Im-em W., Thangthanaseth R.; The United Nations Population Fund Thailand Country Office and the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board of Thailand. State of Thailand’s Population “Features of Thai Families in the Era of Low Fertility and Longevity.” 2015:1-156.
32. Weisz, J. R., Suwanlert, S., Chaiyasit, W., Weiss, B.,Achenbach, T. M., & Eastman, K. L., Behavioral and emotional problems among Thai and American youth: Parent reports for ages 12-16. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1993; 102(3):395-403.
33. Pummanee T., Tedla Y.G., Riesch D.K., Barriers to the Quality of Parent-Adolescent Communication in Thailand: An Ecological System Analysis. International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health 2018; 6(1):87-101.
34. Gallego I.D., Delgado A.O., Queija S.I., Peer attachment during adolescence and emerging adulthood. Annals of Psychology 2011; 27(1):155-163.
35. Pinquart, M., Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: An updated meta-analysis. Dev Psychol, 2017; 53(5):873-932.
How to Cite
เสาวภาพส. (2021). Relations between parenting styles and bullying behaviors of 7th – 9th grade students from a secondary school in Bangkok. ournal of the sychiatric ssociation of hailand, 65(3), 263-278. etrieved from