Factors Predicting Help-Seeking Intention for Mental Health Problems among Medical Students

  • สมจิตร์ หร่องบุตรศรี Faculty of Nursing. Khon Kaen University
  • ชนกฤทัย ชื่นอารมณ์ Faculty of Nursing. Khon Kaen University
  • สุรพล วีระศิริ Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University
Keywords: medical students; mental health; help-seeking

Abstract

Objective : Examine the factors related to and predicting help-seeking intentions for mental health problems among medical students.

Method : A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted to determine the predictive correlation among selected factors. The participants were 219, medical students who had studied in the 1st - 6th year class and were asked to complete a self-reported online questionnaire consisting of general health questionnaire (GHQ-28), the emotional resilience assessment scale, and the professional psychological help-seeking questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product moment correlation and multiple linear regressions.

Results : Among the 219 students who completed a survey, a majority of them were 1st year students (58.4%) and about half of them were women (54.8%). Six factors were found to be significantly correlated with the help-seeking intentions for mental health problems: prior experiences with mental health service, attitudes towards behavior, behavioral beliefs, subjective norm, normative beliefs, and control beliefs. Out of these variables, normative belief, prior experiences with mental health service, and behavioral control beliefs might predicted and explained 34.2% of variance in the participants’ intention to seek professional help (R2 =.342). Normative beliefs is shown to have the largest effect size (β =.347, p < .01), while the behavioral control believe had the effect size of β =.253, p < .01. The results show that students who had previously received mental health service, on average, have a higher mean score (β =.229, p < .01) on help-seeking intention than those who never received mental health service.

Conclusion : Factors found to be correlated with help-seeking intentions for mental health problems including prior experiences with mental health service, attitudes towards behavior, behavioral beliefs, subjective norm, normative beliefs, and control beliefs. Factors found to have unique predicting effects were normative beliefs, prior experiences with mental health service, and behavioral control beliefs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Chang E, Eddins-Folensbee F Coverdale. Survey of the Prevalence of Burnout, Stress, Depression, and the Use of Supports by Medical Students at One School. Academic Psychiatry 2012; 36: 177-82.

Roteinstein L, Ramos M, Torre M, Segal B, Peluso M, Guille M, et al. Prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation among medical students, a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2016; 316: 2214-36.

Ketumarn P, Sitdhiraksa N, Sittironnarit G, Limsricharoen K, Pukrittayakamee P, Wannarit K.Mental Health Problems of Medical Students Retired from the Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, 1982-2007 Psychiatric Association of Thailand 2013; 58: 271-82

Winter RI, Patel R, Norman RI. A Qualitative Exploration of the Help- Seeking Behaviors of Students Who Experience Psychological Distress around Assessment at Medical School. Acad Psychiatry 2017; 41: 477-85.

Menon V, Sarkar S, Kumar S. A cross-sectional analysis of barriers to Health -care seeking among medical students across training period. J Mental Health Hum Behav 2017; 22: 97-103.

Menon V, Sarkar S, Kumar S. Barriers to healthcare seeking among medical students: a cross sectional study from South India. Postgrad Med J 2015; 91: 477-82.

Rickwood D, Thomas K. Conceptual measurement framework for help-seeking for mental health problems. Psychol Res Behav Manag 2012; 5: 173-83.

Pumpuang W, Seeherunwong A, Vongsirimas N. Developing and Testing of an Instrument AssessingFactors Related to Professional Psychological Help Seeking Behavior of Nursing Students. J Nurs Sci 2015; 33: 86-102

Piyavhatkul N, Krisanaprakornkit T, Rangseekajee P, Jareonsettasin T, Paholpak S, Visasiri S, et al. The Validity and Reliability of Thai General Health Questionnaire-28 in Northeastern Thai Population. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand 1998; 43: 325-35.

Ketitanabumrong J. Resilience and Job Demand Predict Burnout in Veterinarians (dissertation). King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok; 2017.

Kearns M, Muldoon OT, Msetfi RM, Surgenor PWG. Understanding help-seeking amongst university students: the role of group identity, stigma, and exposure to suicide and help-seeking. Front. Psychol 2015; 6: 1462.

Vogel DL, Wade NG, Wester SR, Larson L, Hackler AH. Seeking help from a mental health professional: the influence of one’s Social network. J. Clin. Psychol 2007; 63: 233-45.

Bohon LM, Cotter KA, Kravitz RL, Cello PC, Garcia FE. The Theory of Planned Behavior as It Predicts Potential Intention to Seek Mental Health Services for Depression among College Students. Am Coll Health 2016; 64: 593-603.

Chandrasekara WS. Help Seeking Attitudes and Willingness to Seek Psychological Help: Application of the Theory of Planed Behavior. International Journal of Management, Accounting and Economics 2016; 3: 233-45.

Kanittha Meesue. Experience of Psychological Through Internet Service among Adolescents: Consensual Qualitative Research. Degree of Master of Art Program in Psychology (dissertation). Chulalongkorn University; 2013.

Pumpuang W, Seeherunwong A, Vongsirimas N. Factors Predicting Intention among Nursing Students to Seek Professional Psychological Help. Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research 2018; 22: 200-11. Available from https://tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/ view/89827

Amarasuriya SD, Jorm AF, Reavley NJ. Predicting intentions to seek help for depression among undergraduates in Sri Lanka. BMC Psychiatry 2018; 18:122.

Liu F, Zhou N, Cao H, Fang X, Deng L, Chen W, et al. Chinese College freshmen’s mental health problems and their subsequent help-seeking behaviors: A cohort design (2005- 2011) . PLoS ONE 2017; 12: e0185531.

Leão PB, Martins LA, Menezes PR, Bellodi PL.. Well-being and help-seeking: an exploratory study among final-year medical students. Rev Assoc Méd Bras 2011; 57: 379-86.

Howe A, Smajdor A, Stockl A.Towards an understanding of resilience and its relevance to medical training. Med Educ 2012; 46: 349-56.

Published
2019-12-26
How to Cite
หร่องบุตรศรีส., ชื่นอารมณ์ช., & วีระศิริส. (2019). Factors Predicting Help-Seeking Intention for Mental Health Problems among Medical Students. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 64(4), 351-358. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPAT/article/view/231907