Prevalence and Associated Factors of Developmental Coordination Disorder among Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital

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ศิรัชชรินทร์ ชัยงาม
อัศวิน นาคพงศ์พันธุ์


Objective : To study the prevalence and associated factors of developmental coordination disorder among patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital.

Method : Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on a population group of 100 patients with ADHD, ages range of 6-17 years old at the outpatient unit of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Department of Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai between January 1, 2018 to June 30, 2018. Data collection used as the following; demographic data, SNAP-IV (Swanson, Nolan and Pelham IV questionnaire) (short Form), Child’s Depression Inventory (CDI), and the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency (BOT-2), which is the standard instrument to assess the condition defect in the coordination of muscle or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). The data analysis was performed by frequency, percentage, average, and standard deviation. The associated factors were calculated by using the chi-square and student t-test. Finally, the statistically significant variables were taken to logistic regression to predict the occurrence of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD).

Result : From the 85 patients with ADHD whose participated in this study, 85.9% of subjects were male. The average age of subjects was 9 years old (SD=2.8), with 35.3% (n=30) of subjects meeting the criteria for DCD. The significant variables related to DCD were the scores of SNAP-IV in hyperactivity /impulsivity subtype (t=2.50, p<0.1) and inattention subtype (t=1.79, p<0.08), and also body mass index (BMI) (t=3.66, p<0.1). When applying all 3 variables with logistic regression analysis, only the body mass index (BMI) was significant contributors for DCD.

Conclusion : Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a common co-morbidity with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Body mass index (BMI) is associated with motor proficiency problems.


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ชัยงาม ศ., & นาคพงศ์พันธุ์ อ. (2019). Prevalence and Associated Factors of Developmental Coordination Disorder among Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 64(4), 309–316. Retrieved from
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