Occupational Stress and related factors among medical residents at a medical school
Objective: To examine the prevalence of occupational stress and related factors among medical residents at a medical school.
Method: This cross-sectional descriptive study was to examine the prevalence of occupational stress and related factors among medical residents at a medical school in Thailand academic year 2019, data was collected by self-administered electronic questionnaires from 298 residents,143 males and 155 females, aged between 25 and 37 years (mean 28.54 years). The questionnaire data were composed of personal factors, occupational related factors and Thai JCQ (Thai Job Content Questionnaire), analyzed using descriptive statistics including average, frequency, percentage, and standard deviation, and using bivariate statistics including Pearson's Chi Square, Fisher Exact Test and Independent t-test; then avoided multicollinearity and analyzed the prevalence of different types of stress using Binary Logistic Regression statistics.
Results: Results revealed 29.53% of the residents had occupational stress. The risk factors associated with occupational stress include having a history of psychiatric condition or disease, major wards specialty, high physical workload and idea of resident program resignation. The protective factors associated with occupational stress include high social support and higher academic year.
Conclusion: Understanding occupational stress among medical residents should be used to improve residency training programs. In addition, this may be integrated into a part of recruitment process of new residents.
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