Treatment of Primary Myelofibrosis with Valproic acid

Authors

  • Tongchai Benjchareonwong Department of Clinical and Anatomical Pathology, Chumphon Ket-Udomsak Hospital
  • Puangpen Ritteeverakul Department of Pharmacy, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital
  • Kunyaprin Bhummichitra Division of Anatomical Pathology, Suratthani Hospital
  • Chuleeporn Kongchana Department of Clinical and Anatomical Pathology, Chumphon Ket-Udomsak Hospital
  • Ponlapat Rojnuckarin Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital

Keywords:

Primary Myelofibrosis, Valproic acid, Histone deacetylase inhibitor, bone marrow failure, survival rate

Abstract

Primary myelofibrosis is a group of hematologic malignancies with genetic, chromosomal and epigenetic abnormalities causing myeloproliferation and abnormal cytokine expression. The marrow fibrosis (collagen or reticulin) and extramedullary hematopoiesis results in anemia, thrombocytopenia, splenomegaly, bone marrow failure and may turn to acute myeloid leukemia. The median survival rate is short. Treatment options depend on patients and their economic status including medications, supportive blood component transfusion and symptomatic treatment. This report uses valproic acid acting as a histone deacetylase inhibitor in a 62-year-old female patient. She showed improved complete blood count parameters (CBC), decreased blood transfusion, splenomegaly, bone marrow fibrosis and marrow failure symptoms. After stopping valproic treatment for 6, 7 and 8 years, the hematocrit remained within normal limit. Other laboratories assays such as liver function test, renal function test, fasting blood sugar and lipid levels were also normal. The survival was longer than that predicted by the IPSS score.

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Published

2022-03-24

Issue

Section

รายงานผู้ป่วย (Case report)