Factors influencing COVID-19 preventive behaviors among nursing students

Main Article Content

Varin Binhosen
Assistant professor Dr. Nam-oy Pakdevong
Assistant professor Dr. Kanitha Hanprasiykam
Lecturer Wanpen Chamnantham

Abstract

Background: Promoting behaviors to prevent COVID-19 infection of individuals is an important measure to control the spread of COVID-19 infectious disease.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate COVID-19 preventive behaviors and the predictive power of personal factors, perceptions of the Health Belief Model, cue to action to adhere to COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level among nursing students.


Methods: This predictive study was conducted with a  total of 460 nursing students from a private university. Data were collected using questionnaires on personal data, health beliefs, action instructions, and preventive behaviors. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were used for data analysis.


Results: Most of the samples had COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level (59.78%). Factors that influenced COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level included health belief factors, i.e., perceived self-efficacy (ORadj = 3.16, 95% CI= 1.99-5.01), and cue to-action factors, i.e., information received (ORadj = 2.37, 95% CI= 1.49-3.77). These factors explained 23.40% of the variance in COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level.


Conclusions: Both perceived self-efficacy and information received at an appropriate level were the factors that influenced engagement in COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level. Therefore, when designing the COVID-19 preventive behaviors program for nursing students, attention should be paid to increasing perceived self-efficacy and disseminating information about COVID-19 at an appropriate level through social media.

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How to Cite
Binhosen, V., Pakdevong, N.- oy ., Hanprasiykam, K., & Chamnantham, W. (2022). Factors influencing COVID-19 preventive behaviors among nursing students. JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCE RESEARCH, 16(2), 86–98. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JHR/article/view/255138
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นิพนธ์ต้นฉบับ (Original Articles)

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