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Background: Promoting behaviors to prevent COVID-19 infection of individuals is an important measure to control the spread of COVID-19 infectious disease.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate COVID-19 preventive behaviors and the predictive power of personal factors, perceptions of the Health Belief Model, cue to action to adhere to COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level among nursing students.
Methods: This predictive study was conducted with a total of 460 nursing students from a private university. Data were collected using questionnaires on personal data, health beliefs, action instructions, and preventive behaviors. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were used for data analysis.
Results: Most of the samples had COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level (59.78%). Factors that influenced COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level included health belief factors, i.e., perceived self-efficacy (ORadj = 3.16, 95% CI= 1.99-5.01), and cue to-action factors, i.e., information received (ORadj = 2.37, 95% CI= 1.49-3.77). These factors explained 23.40% of the variance in COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level.
Conclusions: Both perceived self-efficacy and information received at an appropriate level were the factors that influenced engagement in COVID-19 preventive behaviors at an appropriate level. Therefore, when designing the COVID-19 preventive behaviors program for nursing students, attention should be paid to increasing perceived self-efficacy and disseminating information about COVID-19 at an appropriate level through social media.
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