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Background: The development of a working memory stimulation therapy program is a method that can help older adults with mild memory impairment effectively slow brain deterioration.
Objectives: This research aimed to develop and examine the effect of working memory stimulation program on working memory in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.
Methods: Research and development. The steps are as follows: 1) identification of the problem and survey the needs, content, and activities to be developed; 2) design, creation, and validation of the program, evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of the program; and 3) testing of the results of the program through a quasi-experimental study, pre-posttest design. Seventy-eight elderly people aged 60 years and older were purposively sampled, 39 experimental groups and 39 control groups. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test and Mann-Whitney U test.
Results: 1) The working memory stimulation therapy program was most accepted and likely to be used in the community (Mean=4.56, SD =0.60); 2) The post-test score of working memory of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment in the experimental group (Mean Rank=26.20) was higher than the pre-test score (Mean Rank=25.50) with statistical significance (p <.001) and 3) the post-test working memory score for elderly with mild cognitive impairment after receiving the working memory stimulation therapy program showed that the experimental group (Mean Rank=28.55) had a higher score than the control group receiving short-term counseling (Mean Rank=16.95) with statistical significance (p <.001).
Conclusions: The results suggest that the development of a cognitive stimulation therapy program can be applied to older adults with mild memory impairment.
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