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Background: Hospital Associated Infection: HAI is an infection acquired in healthcare setting after 24-48-hour admission and the incident rate is around 4-5% worldwide. The study regarding factors influencing HAI is limited, particularly in children.
Objectives: This study aims to explore factors influencing hospital associated infections in children after birth to fifteen years old.
Methods: The literature published and non-published from 2011-2021 were explored by systematic review from the online databases. 328 studies were found, and 16 studies were selected after systematic review. Thematic and content analysis were also complied to obtain the final theme and subtheme. Consequently, the final theme was analyzed from 17 quantitative studies and 1 qualitative study.
Results: There are 14 subthemes within two main themes as the result. The first main theme is personal factor, including attitude, culture and belief, knowledge and training, personal competency, experience of healthcare worker and perception of the guardian. The second major theme is the external factor, including policy and Infection control guideline, material and budget, family income, antibiotic used, organizational culture and the relationship within clinical setting and the environment and material disinfection in the hospital.
Conclusions: The study of factors influencing hospital associated infection in children was limited. Lack of infection control guideline in children was found in this study. The study about factors influencing hospital associated infection in children in Thailand is recommended to setup the infection control guideline for pediatric healthcare workers.
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