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Background: Sitting and standing in the classes for preclinical medical students, in the same repeated position continuously for a long time, may lead to musculoskeletal injuries.
Objectives: To study the prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries, and to investigate the association between musculoskeletal injuries and sociodemographic characteristics among preclinical medical students in Princess of Naradhiwas University.
Methods: This survey research consisted of 72 preclinical medical students. A Standardized Nordic Questionnaire was employed to assess musculoskeletal pain. Descriptive statistics were used to determine prevalence. Pearson’s chi-square test and Fisher’s Exact tests were used to examine associations in the data.
Results: Prevalence in the past 12 months of musculoskeletal injuries in the students was 95.83%. The top three injuries involved the neck, upper back and low back. In addition, prevalence in the previous 7 days was 75.00%, with the top three injuries involving the upper back, neck and shoulder. The association between musculoskeletal injuries and socio-demographic characteristics showed that neck and knee injuries in the past 12 months were related to gender. Moreover, shoulder injuries in the past 7 days were related to gender and height. On the other hand, in the past 7 days, wrist or hand injuries were involved with body mass index and knee injury was related to handedness.
Conclusions: The results showed that musculoskeletal injuries in preclinical medical students were at a high level of prevalence which the university has to urgently solve, especially injuries of neck, upper back, low back and shoulders.
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