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The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is increasing, especially among the elderly. If the disease progresses to end-stage kidney disease, renal replacement therapy is needed. In Thailand, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is one of the modality options for the elderly with end-stage chronic kidney disease. The advantage of CAPD includes the ability of the elderly and caregivers to be able to perform it themselves at home, thus saving time and travel costs. The purpose of this article is to present 1) the situation of CAPD in the elderly, 2) age-related changes and CAPD, 3) type of CAPD, 4) the assessment of the elderly undergoing CAPD, 5) nursing care for the elderly undergoing CAPD, and 6) nursing care to promote health and quality of life among the elderly undergoing CAPD. In Thailand, there are 2 types of peritoneal dialysis, including self-CAPD and automated peritoneal dialysis. The elderly on CAPD may have some barriers and CAPD may therefore become ineffective. Peritoneal dialysis nurses should assess the readiness of the elderly using comprehensive geriatric assessment and planning for helping the elderly and caregivers to perform effective CAPD to decrease complications of CAPD.
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