Main Article Content
Background: The relapse rate of patients recovering from drug addiction is a serious problem that affects both physical and mental health leading to serious social problems.
Objectives: 1) To study the perception of risk factors and perceived barriers to treatment of patients recovering from drug addiction, 2) to study factors affecting the readmission of patients recovering from drug addiction, and 3) to develop guidelines for the prevention of relapse for patients recovering from drug addiction.
Methods: A mixed-method design was applied in this study. The sample of this study consisted of 123 patients recovering from drug addiction who had no mental health problem. Data were analyzed using chi-square and binary logistic regression.
Results: Two risk factors were significantly a related to the readmission of patients recovering from drug addiction were unemployment and craving symptoms. Suggestions for helping patients recovering from addiction include prioritizing patients such as those in vulnerable groups, those who are at risk of relapse, and those who have a history of drug addiction relapse for several times. The suggestions should include the comprehensive treatment of drug addiction that would include community participation, strengthening the referral system and the follow-up process.
Conclusions: Research knowledge can be used to develop guidelines of drug relapse prevention.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Ministry of Justice. Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Act, B.E. 2545. [internet]. 2002 [cited 2021 May 6]; Available from: http://thailaws.com/law/tlaws/tlaw0149_2.
3. Department of Probation. Annual report Department of Probation. Ministry of Justice. 2019; (in Thai).
4. Hiranyatheb T, Udomsubpayakul U, Kongsakon R. Factors associated with non-relapsed in clients who completed the rehabilitation program in compulsory treatment system for drug addiction. The Journal of The Psychiatric Association of Thailand. 2013;58(2):157-64. (in Thai).
5. Suppadit T, Poungsuk P, Srisukond, P. Factors influencing return to narcotic taking of drug users who were released from the narcotic remedy program: A case study of an adolescent group in Phetchaburi Province Area, Thailand. NIDA Development Journal. 2007;47(2):29-56. (in Thai).
6. Chatuhong S, Tansrisakul S. Factors affecting relapse drug users with competency rehabilitation in treatment compulsory system as a case study of office of probation, Roi-ed Province. Chophayom Jorurnal. 2018;29(1):199-210. (in Thai).
7. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Drugs, brains, and behavior: The science of Addiction. [internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 May 6]; Available from: https://www.drugabuse. gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/ preface.
8. AshaRani PV, Hombali A, Seow E, Ong WJ, Tan JH, Subramaniam M. Non-pharmacological interventions for methamphetamine use disorder: a systematic review. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020;1 (212):108060. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.20 20.108060.
9. Reginal of Office of the Narcotics Control Board 6. Lesson learnt: the home visiting process in addicted person and family. Substance studies center, North region, Chiangmai University. (in Thai).
10. Supawong A. The effectiveness of modified matrix program drug treatment of Thungsong Hospital. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing. 2016;36(Supplement): 160-70. (in Thai).
11. Sriyakun D. Care for drug addiction in adolescent, case study. Region 11 Medical Journal. 2018;32(1):841-52. (in Thai).
12. Piawpongpakawat A. Factors predicting family and community social supports on quitting of methamphetamine in Nongki Hospital. Regional Health Promotion Center 9 Journal: The Journal for Health Promotion and Environmental Health. 2019;14(33):22-34. (in Thai).
13. Athan P, Somprasert C, Bunthumporn N. The effects of a psychosocial rehabilitation program on the quality of life of addicted patients. The Journal of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health. 2019;33(2): 61-75. (in Thai).
14. Wongpanarak N, Boonruang P. Relationships among hope, self-esteem, and the perceptions of spiritual dimension of people with drugs dependence in northeastern region of Thailand. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurse. 2017;18(2):47-54. (in Thai).
15. Vathisunthorn P, Chedchom k. The success of treatment among drug dependent patient compares between compulsory and voluntary systems. Department of health service support, Ministry of public health; 2552. (in Thai).
16. Hanpatchaiyakul K, Eriksson H, Kijsomporn J, Östlund G. Barriers to successful treatment of alcohol addiction as perceived by healthcare professionals in Thailand - a Delphi study about obstacles and improvement suggestions. Glob Health Action. 2016; 9:31738. doi: 10.3402/gha.v9.31738.
17. Rapp RC, Xu J, Carr CA, Lane DT, Wang J, Carlson R. Treatment barriers identified by substance abusers assessed at a centralized intake unit. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006;30(3):227-35. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2006.01.002.