Development of a baccalaureate nursing curriculum in response to labor mobility in Southeast Asian Countries

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Siriporn Kruttakart
Likitkul Pumkasem
Nongnaphat Rungnoei
Sujira Wichianrat
Thunyasiri Somkome


Background: According to the ASEAN community, it is a critical challenge for developing a high standard Thailand nursing curriculum and to ensure the high quality of graduates to meet these changes.

Objective: This research aimed to develop a prototype nursing curriculum in response to the labor mobility in the Southeast Asian Countries. 

Methods: A mixed method approach was used and consisted of 3 steps: 1) to analyze the congruency of nursing curricula among five countries in ASEAN, 2) to analyze the need of nursing competencies for the ASEAN community by using questionnaires with a reliability of 0.978. Sixty-seven nursing administrators from 13 service regions were randomly stratified for this study, 3) to assess the feasibility of the developed curriculum. Focus group discussions were conducted with seven educational experts. Data were analyzed by Modified Priority Needs Index (PNImodified), and content analysis.

Results: The results were as follows: 1) in five countries, the nursing curriculum consisted of 96-146 credits and a set program for clinical practice in the second year. The curriculum structure was divided into three groups, consisting of the general education courses, and specific courses containing a a group of basic professional courses and professional courses including theory and nursing practice;     2) the highest need was rated for the education and research category; and 3) the prototype developed curriculum consisted of the philosophy, the significance and goals of the curriculum, and external contexts. The curriculum structure required a minimum of 128 credits within 58 courses for achieving nursing competencies for the ASEAN community.

Conclusions: These results provide a guide for educational institutes to set the study program for enhancing the research and innovation competency of nursing students. English skills, cross-cultural understanding, and evidence-based nursing skills are also very important  for high quality graduates


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Kruttakart, S. ., Pumkasem, L. ., Rungnoei, N. ., Wichianrat, S. ., & Somkome, T. . (2020). Development of a baccalaureate nursing curriculum in response to labor mobility in Southeast Asian Countries. JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCE RESEARCH, 14(2), 11–22. Retrieved from
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