Main Article Content
Global health leaders have been supporting health promotion to increase literacy among population. This cross sectional study is aimed to investigate occupational health literacy and to examine factors predicting health promoting behaviors of 280 employees in factory of Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, Rayong province. Data collection was completed by questionnaire with every item validity assessment greater than 0.5 and reliability tests for occupational health literacy and factors predicting health promoting behaviors were valued 0.962 and 0.712 respectively. Statistical analysis employed number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Multiple Linear Regression of Enter method.
The study found that three fourths employees were male, aged was 35.4±9.3 years, and with BMI was 24.4±4.4 kg/m2. Currently, employees have smoking behavior 19.7% and drinking alcohols 29.0%. Regarding occupational health literacy, they indicated overall scores 153.36±20.58 averagely (from total scores 215). Employees represented health literacy in highest level in aspects of health information accessibility and reading for understanding calculating into 60.0% and 57.1% respectively. For the behaviors needed to improve, they should control taste of food in factory not too sweet, fatty, and salty as well as eat fresh fruits and vegetables. After the analysis of predicting factors, it suggested that occupational health literacy and gender were predicting factors for health promoting behaviors among employees at statistically significant level (p<0.05). Therefore, safety officer should add contents to increase health literacy in factory safety plan such as reliable health information access and ensure healthy nutrition provided in workplace to stimulate favorable conditions of employee’s well-being.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2 Occupational and Environment Disease Division. Situation of surveillance and prevention and disease control among employees in industrial report 2017, [internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 Aug 17]: Available from: http://envocc.ddc.moph. go.th/. (in Thai).
3 Health Education Division. Promoting and assessing health literacy and health behaviors. Department of Health Service Support. Ministry of Public Health. Nothaburi; 2018. (in Thai).
4 Bureau of Technical Advisors. Health promotion among workers in workplace. [internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 Aug 3]: Available from: http://advisor.anamai. moph.go.th/main.php?filename =factory1. (in Thai).
5 Prasittipatt T, Rudtanasudjatum K, Metaphut C, Thetkathuek A. Factors influencing the abdominal obesity of employees in large-sized manufactories in the Eastern region. Journal of Health Science. 2018;27(5):792-9. (in Thai).
6 Rojanapithayakorn W. Editorial: Introduction to Shanghai declaration. Journal of Health Science. 2017;26(6):971-3. (in Thai).
7 Darun P, Kairat P.Health literacy factors influencing on health behavior of population in Bueng Kan province. Journal of Department of Health Service Support. 2019;15(3):71-82. (in Thai).
8 Madican K, Oba N, Supametaporn P. Factors related to health literacy in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes. Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2020;14(1):38-53. (in Thai).
9 Tantranont K, Songkham W, Suthakorn W, Srisuphan W, Sakarinkul P, Dhatsuwan J. Development of a scale to measure occupational health and safety literacy scale among industrial workers. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses. 2019; 20(3);247-55. (in Thai).
10 Ishikawa H, Nomura K, Sato M, Yano E. Developing a measure of communicative and critical health literacy: a pilot study of Japanese office workers. Health Promotion International. 2008;23(3):269-74. doi:10. 1093/heapro/dan017.
11. Rauscher KJ, Myers DJ. Occupational health literacy and work-related injury among US adolescents. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety promotion. 2014;21(1):81-9. doi: 10.1080/ 17457300.2013.792288.
12. Yusida H, Suwandi T, Yusuf A, Sholihah Q. Relationship individual factors with occupational health literacy: observational study on industrial workers of Sasirangan in South Kalimantan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2016;6(1):481-4.
13. Azizi N, Karimy M, Abedini R, Armoon B, Motazeri A. Development and validation of the health literacy scale for worker. Int J Occup Environ Med.2019;10(1):30-9. doi:10.15171/ijoem.2019.1498.
14 . Polyong CP, Rittideah D, Kongsombatsuk M, Praisuthirat K, Samanusron K. Validation of the occupational health literacy test for industrial workforce. Journal of Safety and Health. 2020;13(2):140-57. (in Thai).
15 Ramakul K, Sripaung N, Laemun N. Health risk related to environmental pollution in Map Ta Phut area, Rayong Province. Journal of Health Science. 2008;17(supplement IV):901-15. (in Thai).
16. Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand. factory of Map Ta Phut Industrial [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2018 May 17]; Available from: https://www.ieat.go.th/ assets/uploads/ cms/file/201705291220 56321732835.pdf.
17. Bloom BS, Caploom D. Taxonomy of educational objectives: cognitive domain. New York: David Mckay Company. 1975.
18. Ministerial regulations on prescribing of criteria and method of conducting health checkup of employees and forwarding the results of health checkup to labour inspector 2004. (in Thai).
19 Rittideah D, Polyong PC. Effects of the program applying the theory of PRECEDE-PROCEED model to health behavior change among overweight employees in factory, Rayong province. Journal of Nursing Division. 2020;47(3):39-56. (in Thai).
20 Nutbeam D. The evolving concept of health literacy. Soc Sci Med. 2008;67(12):2072-8.
21 Hosokawa C, Ishikawa H, Okada M, Kato M, Okuhara T, Kiuchi T. Gender role orientation with health literacy and self-efficacy for healthy eating among Japanese workers in early adulthood. Front Nutr. 2016;3(17):1-9. doi:10.3389/fnut.2016.00017.
22. Liu YB, Liu L, Li YF, Chen YL. Relationship between health literacy, health-related behaviors and health status: A survey of elderly Chinese. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015;12(8):9714-25. doi: 10.3390/ijerph120809714.
23. Nakamura-Taira N, Izawa S, Yamada KC. Stress underestimation and mental health literacy of depression in Japanese workers: A cross-sectional study. Psychiatry Res. 2018;262:221-8. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.20 17.12.090.
24. Suka M, Odajima T, Okamoto M, Sumitani M, Igarashi A, Ishikawa H, Kusama M, Yamamoto M, Nakayama T, Sugimori H. Relationship between health literacy, health information access, health behavior, and health status in Japanese people. Patient education and counseling. 2015;98(5):660-8. doi:10.1016/j.pec. 2015.02.013.
25. Suriart C, Rutchanagul P, Thongbai W.
Health perceptions, health behaviors and health service needs among inmates with metabolic disorders. Ramathibodi Nursing Journal. 2014;20(3):372-87. (in Thai).