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Smoking has significant adverse effects on health. The Ministry of Public Health implemented a 3 years Project for 3 Million People with the objective of helping to quit smoking. Therefore health literacy has to be promoted, incl. knowledge to find information, critical consideration related of smoking media information, decision making on smoking situation and planning to help to quit smoking. This quasi-experimental study examined the effects of a capacity building program on literacy in smoking cessation for village health volunteers. Population and sample were village health volunteers in Lat Lum Kaeo District, Pathum Thani Province, Thailand. The experimental group (n=29) received 2 sessions of training and coaching in smoking cessation while the comparison group (n=30) received education materials on how to help people to quit. Participants were followed-up for their health literacy after the training and 2 weeks later. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires at pretest, posttest and follow up period, and analyzed by using Repeated Measure ANOVA, and Independent t-test.
Results: The experimental group had a significantly higher mean score of health literacy in smoking cessation than the comparison group (p < .001), after the experiment as well as after 2 weeks follow-up. The experimental group had a significantly higher mean score after the experiment and the follow-up period than before the experiment (p < .001)
Our findings suggest that the capacity building program on health literacy in smoking cessation is effective. It should be applied to promote smoking cessation in a community.
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