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Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are among the most likely risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A good prevention strategy is to change physical behavior to be healthy. The research model was a cross-sectional descriptive study, This study aimed to study the factors that affect cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive behaviors in a high-risk patient group in Samutprakarn province. Samples were selected from a patient group in Samutprakarn province who were considered to be at high risk for the development of CVD. From these, 220 people were randomly selected by cluster random sampling. Data were collected using an interview form and analysed using a chi – squared test, to assess relationships, and by Stepwise multiple regression analysis to determine predictability.
The results indicat that the percentages of moderate and good CVD preventative behaviors performed by the samples were equal (49.09%; mean = 45.00, SD = 5.65). The statistically significant factors related to CVD preventive behaviour in the high- risk patient group in Samutprakarn province included: gender (x2 = 9.804, p = .002 ), perceived susceptibility (r = .226), response efficacy (r = .313) , and self efficacy (r = .523). Predictors of CVD preventive behavior for this group included gender (β = 0.175, t =3.618, p <.001) and self efficacy (β = 0.658, t = 13.587, p <.001). Both variables predictors of CVD preventive behavior at 51.2% of variance (Adjust R2 = 0.512,p <.05).
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