Main Article Content
The purposes of this mixed method explanatory sequential research were to study the prevalence of the risk of dementia in elderly people in UbonRatchathani Province and their situation and condition and also of the caregivers. The samples were 400 elderly people and 7 caregivers. Research instruments for data collection were MMSE-Thai 2002, focus group,in-depth interview, observational participation and filed note. Descriptive statistics and content analysis were used for data analysis
The results found that the prevalence of dementia was 13.75 %. The perception of caregiver in the elderly people with dementia was classified into 3 themes: 1) daily activities, 2) psychological part, and 3) social part. There were 3 themes of caring and symptoms management of caregivers in the elderly people with dementia: 1) daily activities, 2) psychological part, and 3) social part. The becoming caregivers of the elderly people with dementia were classified into 3 themes: 1) primary caregiver, 2) social support, and 3) impacts of becoming caregiver. There were 2 related factors of problem solving in the situation of caring the elderly people with dementia: 1) living cost, and 2) information.
Assessment of prevalence of dementia and situation of caring among the elderly people with dementia is important to use for guiding care planning and promoting properly care ability of the caregivers.