Transformational Leadership of Heads of Pharmacy Department of Hospitals under the Offce of the Perma- nent Secretary,Ministry of Public Health

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Wachira Sumethiwit
Wannee Chaichalermpong
Kitti Pitaknitinan


Introduction: The purpose of this survey research was to measure transformational leadership level of heads of pharmacy department of hospitals under the office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health. Methods: There were 2 sample groups: 1) heads of the pharmacy department in regional/general hospitals and community hospitals with more than or equal to 60 beds (325 persons); 2) pharmacists who were subordinates of the heads of department in regional/general hospitals and community hospitals (1,069 persons). It develops a measure of the transformational leadership Meehanpong (2004) with theoretical framework of transformational leadership, Bass (1985) and Avolio, Bass and Jung (1999). The leadership questionnaire consisted of three components: 1) Charismatic – Inspirational Leadership; 2) Intellectual Stimulation and 3) Individualized Consideration. Used to send mail. Result: It was found that: level of transformational leadership assessed by the Heads themselves and that assessed by subordinates were high ( = 3.93, S.D. = 0.36,  = 3.74, S.D. = 0.62). Level of transformational leadership assessed by the Heads was higher than the level assessed by subordinates (P < 0.001). Self-assessed transformational leadership by heads of pharmacy departments in regional/general hospitals and community hospitals showed no significant difference. Most of the Heads were interested in improving their leadership by means of training, self-study learning, field studies and formal studies in university. In addition, there should, after the graduation, be continuous provision of leadership training emphasizing on knowledge, personality and competency.

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