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Objective: This study aims to self-assess of the self-evaluation of knowledges, skills, and attitudes toward rational drug use among medical students and postgraduates Methods: It is a cross sectional survey conducted among the medical students and postgraduates from the College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University in 2018. An online self-administered questionnaire was implement. The questionnaire consisted three parts including 1) Demographic data 2) self-evaluation of knowledges, skills, and attitudes toward rational drug use and 3) the assessment of knowledge related to the RDU hospital indicators. The questionnaire was tested for content validity by three experts. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the questionnaire of perception of the competencies, in term of knowledge, skills and attitudes, were 0.987, 0.980 and 0.983, respectively. Regarding the assessment of knowledge related to the RDU hospital indicators, the reliability according to the Kuder-Richardson method was 0.817. Data were analyzed using descriptive and univariate statistics.Results:A total of 119 participants completed the questionnaire items (59.5 % response rate). The majority was female.The participants were pre-clinical medical students (66.4%), clinical students (21.0%) and postgraduates (12.6%). Most of them knew about the rational drug use policy. The participants reported proficient to advanced competency level in terms of knowledge and attitudes in conducting the RDU. However, they reported basic to advanced competency level in terms of skills in conducting the RDU. According to the test of knowledge about the RDU hospital indicators, the clinical students and graduates had statistically significant higher knowledge scores than the pre-clinical medical students. Conclusions: Overall, the medical students and graduates reported a positive competency in conducting the rational drug use.Additionally, the clinical students and graduates had statistically significantly higher knowledge scores than the pre-clinical medical students.This study will lead to the improvement and development of the Doctor of Medicine curriculum, and to give students a better understanding and awareness of the use of drugs since studying at pre-clinical level until graduate.
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