Predictive Factors of Health Promoting Behaviors in Undergraduate Students During COVID-19 Pandemic: a Case Study of a Private University


  • Napaswan Namboonsri Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Kwanjai Amnatsatsue Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Sunee Lagampan Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University
  • Patcharaporn Kerdmongkol Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University


Health Promoting Behaviors, Undergraduate students, COVID-19, Private University


Although the COVID-19 pandemic can influence lifestyle changes in the general population, there is limited information on how undergraduate students adapt and change their lifestyles during the COVID-19 pandemic. An analytic-cross-sectional study investigated health-promoting behaviors and their predictive factors among undergraduate students in a private university in Thailand during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 200 undergraduate students from the School of Nursing Science, School of Architecture and Design, and School of Music participated in an electronic survey from December 2021 to February 2022. The results showed that most undergraduate students reported moderate levels of health-promoting behaviors (68%) with the highest mean of health responsibility. According to Pearson’s correlation coefficient, perceived benefit (r = .588, p < .01), self-efficacy (r = .545, p < .01), interpersonal influence (r = .540, p < .05), perceived barrier (r = .292, p < .01) and GPA (r = .164, p < .05) showed positive correlations with health-promoting behaviors among undergraduate students.  However, stress (r = -.279, p < .01) and self-rated health status (r = -.342, p < .01) showed negative correlations with health-promoting behaviors. According to Multiple Regression Analysis, perceived benefit, interpersonal influence, self-efficacy, being a third-year student, history of closed contact with COVID-19, and self-rated health status could jointly explain 52.9% of health-promoting behaviors of undergraduate students during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of this study suggest that a program to increase students’ self-efficacy, strengthen their interpersonal relationships and improve supportive facilities should be developed. The university’s policymakers should initiate a preparation program for students and university personnel to enhance their competency to improve health-promoting behaviors and respond to any new pandemic episodes in the future. 


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How to Cite

Namboonsri, N., Amnatsatsue, K., Lagampan, S., & Kerdmongkol, P. (2023). Predictive Factors of Health Promoting Behaviors in Undergraduate Students During COVID-19 Pandemic: a Case Study of a Private University. Journal of Health and Health Management, 9(1), 34–44. Retrieved from



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