Main Article Content
The purposes of this quasi experimental research were to compare: 1) the burden of schizophrenic patients’ caregivers before and after receiving the social support emphasizing community participation program, and 2) the burden of schizophrenic patients’ caregivers who received the program and those who received regular nursing care. Research samples consisted of: 1) Forty caregivers of schizophrenic patients living in the community, who met the inclusion criteria. The caregivers were matched pair and then randomly assigned into experimental group and control group, twenty subjects in each group. 2) The community team were involved in the experimental group. Research instruments were: 1) The social support emphasizing community participation program, and 2) The caregiver burden scale. All instruments were tested for content validity by 5 professional experts, content validity index equal to one and the reliability of the caregiver burden scale was reported by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as .89. Data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test.
Major findings were as follows: The burden of schizophrenic patients’ caregivers after received the program was significantly lower than that before, at .05 level (t = 8.80, p = .00) and the burden of schizophrenic patients’ caregivers who received the program was significantly lower than those who received regular nursing care, at .05 level (t = -5.74, p = .00).
The research results indicate that the social support emphasizing community participation program can be decreased burden of schizophrenic patients’ caregivers. Both subjective burden and objective burden decreased.
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