Main Article Content
The study of a predictive factor was influencing self-care behaviors in patients with asthma. The study covered all five dimensions of illness representation, namely, identify, cause, timeline, control/cure and consequences. Using the concept of the common-sense model of illness representation by Diefenbach and Leventhal (1996) was a conceptual framework. The samples consisted of 100 asthma patients who were recruited by purposive selection. The instrument was composed of the followings: 1) the general data questionnaire 2) the self-care behavior questionnaire for patients with asthma and 3) the illness perception questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis.
The research findings were as follows: The samples were females (55%) with the average age of 40.51 years (SD = 12.64), having overall self-care behaviors at a good level (M = 101.46, SD = 14.40). According to multiple regression analysis, all of the independent variables were capable to explain the variance of self-care behaviors with statistical significance at 31.5 percent (R2 = .315, F(5,94) = 8.644, p = .000). Timeline, control/cure, and consequences were able to predict self-care behaviors with a significance level of .05.
The data obtained from this study will benefit nurses in setting self-care behavior promotion guidelines and proper education program development to create knowledge and understanding among patients. The results will be better self-care behavior modification.
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