Main Article Content
This descriptive research aimed to study the relationship between knowledge and behaviours of rational antibiotic use among air force student nurses. The samples were 148 Air Force student nurses. They were selected by using a stratified random sampling technique. Research instruments were tests related to knowledge of rational antibiotic use and questionnaires on behaviours of rational antibiotic use. Their content validity indices were .90 and .95, respectively. Reliability coefficients of knowledge tests and the questionnaires were calculated using KR-20 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient equalled .82 and .88, respectively. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient.
Research results revealed that the average score of rational antibiotic use knowledge was at a moderate level (M = 14.4, SD = 2.18) and the average score of rational antibiotic use behaviours was at a high level (M = 4.23, SD = .37). The knowledge was positively correlated to the behaviours of rational antibiotic use at a moderate level with statistical significance (r = .319, p= .000).
Hence, nursing colleges should promote knowledge about rational antibiotic use by focusing on teaching and learning in nursing practicum. Enhancing knowledge related to rational antibiotic use should also be done consecutively.
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