Main Article Content
This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to examine the health behaviors and factors related to health behavior of a risk group for chronic non-communicable diseases in health region 8, Ministry of Public Health. The subjects were 1,400 cases of the risk group for chronic non-communicable diseases in health region 8, Ministry of Public Health, who aged 35 or over. Multistage sampling was used to enroll subjects. Data were collected by using an online questionnaire about health behaviors and related factors, which was approved by 3 experts. The content validity indices were .67 - 1.00 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was .89. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficients.
The results showed that the risk group for diabetes and hypertension in health region 8, Ministry of Public Health had inappropriate physical and exercise behaviors and was at risk of chronic non-communicable diseases. Physical activity and exercise were positively correlated with blood pressure at a low level (r = .086, p < .01). Stress was positively correlated with blood sugar at a low level (r = .096, p < .01). Smoking was positively correlated with body mass index and waist circumference length at a low level (r = .121, p < .01; r = .203, p < .01). Finally, alcohol consumption was positively correlated with waist circumference length at a low level (r = .109; p < .01).
The related organizations should focus on the proceeding system to shape the risk group’s behaviors decreasing the incidence of non-communicable disease risks.
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