MODEL OF DEPRESSION PREVENTION BASED ON NEEDS OF NURSING STUDENTS
Keywords:depression, depression prevention, nursing students
This qualitative research aimed to explore the perception of causes, depression prevention, and the need for a depression prevention model in the school of nursing. A purposive selection technique was used. The data were collected using focus group discussions from 24 nursing students and in-depth interviews from 12 nursing students from July to November 2020. The data were analyzed using content analysis recommended by Miles & Huberman (1994).
The findings of this study were summarized into three categories. First, the causes of depression had 6 sub-categories including problems with love, family and parents' academic expectations, family financial and perceived parental alcohol problems, the lack of problem-solving skills, disappointment with the unexpected events in daily life, and relationship problems with friends. Second, depression prevention strategies among nursing students had 4 sub-categories, which were having a positive mind, gaining support from friends, family, nursing school instructors, and other important people around the subject. Finally, the need of preventing depression among nursing students had 2 sub-categories including school recreation activities for preventing mental health problems among nursing students and supportive resources for preventing mental health disorders in educational institutions.
The findings of this study can be used as basic empirical evidence to develop a model preventing depression among nursing students. The administrative board and nurse lecturers play a crucial role in planning and developing extra curriculum activities or models for preventing depression among this population. The components of depression prevention programs should consist of reducing risks and enhancing protective factors, especially emotional management, effective problem management, life resilience, and relationship building with others.
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