PATH ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING FOOD CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF THE HOME-BOUND AND BED-BOUND ELDERS IN MUEANG DISTRICT, CHIANG RAI PROVINCE
Keywords:path analysis, food consumption behavior, nutritional status, home-bound and bed-bound elder
The objective of this research was to study factors affecting the food consumption behavior and the nutritional status of the home-bound and bed-bound elders by using path analysis. The samples were the home-bound and bed-bound elders in Mueang District, Chiang Rai Province selected by random sampling in amount of 135 elders. Research instruments were questionnaires: 1) the predisposing factors that divided into knowledge and benefit perception, 2) the enabling factors, 3) the reinforcing factors, 4) the food consumption behavior, and 5) the nutritional status assessment form. They were tested for content validity by 5 experts. The reliability of the knowledge and benefit perception questionnaires were measured by KR-20 and the reliability coefficient were found .84. and .96, respectively. The reliability with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the other questionnaires were .87, .87, .74, and .85, respectively. The data were collected between February - July 2020. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation and path analysis.
The results were found that: 1) the food consumption behavior had positively direct influences on the nutritional status with the influence coefficient was .74; 2) the predisposing factors, the enabling factors, and the reinforcing factors had indirect influences on the nutritional status by transmission of the food consumption behavior. All variables explained the variance of nutritional status of the home-bound and bed-bound elders at 55 percent. Therefore, the home-bound and bed-bound elders should be promoted about the good food consumption behavior along with the predisposing factors that are knowledge and benefit perception, the enabling factors, and the reinforcing factors in order to have the good nutritional status in the future.
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