THE EFFECT OF SELF-EFFICACY AND PARTICIPATION PROMOTING PROGRAM ON CAREGIVERS’ BEHAVIOR TO PREVENT RECURRENT PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS
Keywords:recurrent pneumonia, self-efficacy, participation, caregiver behaviors
This quasi-experimental approach aimed to compare caregiver behaviors to prevent recurrent pneumonia and re-admission rate in children under 5 years of age. Purposive samples were recruited from the caregivers in a pediatric ward. The caregivers in the experimental group (n = 26) received the promoting self-efficacy and participation program and the caregivers in the control group (n = 26) received the usual nursing intervention. The research instruments consisted of the promoting self-efficacy and participation program and questionnaires about caregiver behaviors to prevent recurrent pneumonia in children. All instruments were tested by five qualified experts with a CVI of .98 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of .73. Data were analyzed by using frequency, percent, range, mean, standard deviation, paired t-test, and independent t-test.
The findings of this study revealed that 1) the average of caregiver behaviors to prevent recurrent pneumonia in children after receiving the promoting self-efficacy and participation program was statistical significance higher than before (t = -18.21, p = .000) and also higher than the control group (t = 13.47, p = .000), and 2) the re-admission rates from pneumonia between the experimental group and the control group were not statistically different (p = .235).
The findings support that the promoting self-efficacy and participation program should be advertised to caregivers to prevent recurrence pneumonia in children under 5 years of age.
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