Main Article Content
The objectives of this research were to studied the sexual behavior associated with syphilis infection in male. There were descriptive research with case control study design. The syphilis infection group as case was 112 cases and 148 was none syphilis infection as control group and never prior syphilis treatment. The data were analyzed using number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, odds ratio, and 95% CI Confident interval.
The factors that significant associated with syphilis infection were HIV infection status (OR=5.26, 95%CI=1.432 – 19.347, p=0.012), substance use with sexual (OR=2.878, 95%CI=1.120 - 7.390, p=0.041), homosexual (OR=2.844, 95%CI=1.372 – 5.948, p=0.005), and condom use in anal sexual (OR=20.706 ,95%CI=8.401-51.035, p=<0.001).
HIV positive, homosexual, substance use with sexual, and inconsistency condom use in anal sexual still as factors associated with syphilis infection. HIV and syphilis screening is a necessary campaigning activity in risky males.
Banong-le, M., Ofosu, S. K., & Anto, F. (2019). Factors associated with syphilis Infection: A cross-sectional survey among outpatients in Asikuma Odoben Brakwa District, Ghana. BMC Infectious Diseases, 19(1), 1-9.
da Motta, L. R., Sperhacke, R. D., Adami, A. G., Kato, S. K., Vanni, A. C., Paganella, M. P., & Benzaken, A. S. (2018). Syphilis prevalence and risk factors among young men presenting to the Brazilian army in 2016: Results from a national survey. Medicine, 97(47), 1-7.
Dean, A. G., Sullivan, K. M., & Soe, M. M. (2013). OpenEpi: Open source epidemiologic statistics for public health, version. Retrieved from http://www.openepi.com/Menu/OE_Menu.html
Gomes, N. C., Meier, D. A., Pieri, F. M., Alves, E., Albanese, S. P., Lentine, E. C., & Dessunti, E. M. (2017). Prevalence and factors associated with syphilis in a reference center. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicine Tropical, 50(1), 27-34.
KhongkrirkKiat, N., Kittiyaowamarn, R, & Daengsaard, E. (2015). Sexually transmitted diseases 2015. Bangkok: Aksorn Graphic and Design.
Klakthongkorn, S., Yeong, A. P. A., & Yuttatri, P. (2016). Factors influencing sexual risk behaviors among youth with amphetamine use. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 34(2), 40-52.
Liao, M., Jiang, Z., Zhang, X., Kang, D., Bi, Z., Liu, X., . . . Jia, Y. (2011). Syphilis and methamphetamine use among female sex workers in Shandong province, China. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 38(1), 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181ebb475
Luo, Y., Zhu, C., Chen, S., Geng, Q., Fu, R., Li, X., Ding, J. (2015). Risk factors for HIV and syphilis infection among male sex workers who have sex with men: A cross-sectional study in Hangzhou, China, 2011. BMJ Open, 5(4), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006791
Mutagoma, M., Remera, E., Sebuhoro, D., Kanters, S., Riedel, D. J., & Nsanzimana, S. (2016). The prevalence of syphilis infection and its associated factors in the general population of Rwanda: A national household-based survey. Journal of Sexually Transmitted Disease, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4980417
Ratanalertnavee, J. & Rasmi, A. (2019). Prevalence and risk factors of HIV infection among migrant workers with syphilis and sexually transmitted diseases risk behavior: A case study of Takua Pa district, Phang Nga province. Region 11 Medical Journal, 33(1), 45-58.
Rachakulla, H. K., Kodavalla, V., Rajkumar, H., Prasad, S. P. V., Kallam, S., Goswami, P., . . . Brahmam, G. N. V. (2011). Condom use and prevalence of syphilis and HIV among female sex workers in Andhra Pradesh, India–following a large-scale HIV prevention intervention. BMC Public Health, 11(6), 1-16.
Park, H., Konda, K. A., Roberts, C. P., Maguina, J. L., Leon, S. R., Clark, J. L., & Klausner, J. D. (2016). Risk factors associated with incident syphilis in a cohort of high-risk men in Peru. PLoS One, 11(9), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162156
Pathela, P., Braunstein, S. L., Blank, S., Shepard, C., & Schillinger, J. A. (2015). The high risk of an HIV diagnosis following a diagnosis of syphilis: A population-level analysis of New York city men. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 61(2), 281-287. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/civ289
Yingyong, T. (2019). Syphilis disease has returned. Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health. Retrieved from https://ddc.moph.go.th/doe/news.php?news=7722&deptcode=doe
World Health Organization. (2018). Report on global sexually transmitted infection surveillance, 2018. Geneva: World Health Organization.