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This cross-over experimental research aimed to compare the sleep quality of preterm infants who received routine nursing care, nursing care through environmental management, listening to Apaiparit chant, and nursing care through environmental management with listening to Apaiparit chant. A purposive selection was used to select 32 preterm infants. The data were collected using a sleep-wake behaviors of premature infant assessment form. The inter-rater reliability of the sleep-wake behaviors of premature infant between the expert and the researcher, and the researcher and the research assistant were 95.83 and 97.50 percent, respectively. The differences of the overall means of deep sleep, active sleep, and total sleep duration were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance.
The results revealed that the overall means of deep sleep, active sleep, and total sleep of preterm infants who received the routine nursing care, nursing care through environmental management, listening to Apaiparit chant, and nursing care through environmental management with listening to Apaiparit chant had significant differences (p = .000).
Nurses can use the nursing care through environmental management with listening to Apaiparit chant as an alternative method to enhance the sleep quality of premature infants.
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