DEVELOPING A MODEL OF VOLUNTEER SPIRIT OF THE PEER GROUP IN PREVENTING HIV/AIDS FOR THE YOUTHS IN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE CITY

Authors

  • Duangkamol Wattradul Srisaowarintira nursing Institution, Thai Red Cross Society
  • Wasana Lerwitworapong Rainbow Sky Association of Thailand
  • Duantip Khasemophas Srisavarindhira Thai Red Cross Institute of Nursing
  • Kamolset Kanggerruer Rainbow Sky Association of Thailand

Keywords:

voluntary spirit of peer group, HIV, AIDS, youth, academic institution

Abstract

           This mixed-method study was aimed to examine the behavior of HIV prevention and volunteer spirit of the peer group among teens as well as to develop a volunteer spirit model of HIV/AIDS prevention in academic institutions. The study was separated into 2 phases. Phase 1 - descriptive research, was conducted to study HIV/AIDS preventive behavior and volunteer spirit of HIV prevention in 1,765 teens from 20 secondary and vocational schools in Bangkok. Data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. In phase 2, focus group discussion with semi - structured and audio-recorded interview was conducted with a total of 100 informants composed of 80 teens and 20 teachers who participated in the program encouraging volunteer spirit of a peer group in HIV/AIDS prevention. Data were transcribed and themes were identified through content analysis. The model of the volunteer spirit of the peer group in preventing HIV/AIDS was synthesized using the results of a qualitative study and reviewed literature.

           Results showed that 46% of teens were at risk. Both female (M=2.26, SD=.37) and male (M=2.18, SD=.40) teens had an M score of the volunteer spirit of a peer group in preventing HIV/AIDS at a fair level. Moreover, the M score of awareness of female youth (M=3.89, SD=.35) and male youth (M=3.87, SD=.37) was at a high level. The M score of avoidance of sexual intercourse was at a high level in female youth (M=2.74, SD=.20) and male youth (M=2.71, SD=.23).  In addition, the M score of the volunteer spirit of preventing HIV/AIDS of female youth (M=2.26, SD=.37) and male youth (M=2.18, SD=.40) were at a fair level.  A model of volunteer spirit of the youth peer group in preventing HIV/AIDS in academic institutions in the city was synthesized as 1) self-empowerment, 2) peer group empowering, and 3) empowering people in the community to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS.  The ‘volunteer spirit’ models of HIV prevention can be applied to improve the quality of sex education programs in schools, help to shape sex education policy to empower youth  volunteer spirits for preventing HIV/AIDS, and also encourage community involvement.

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Author Biography

Duangkamol Wattradul, Srisaowarintira nursing Institution, Thai Red Cross Society

Duangkamol Wattradul is a nursing instructor who is currently working at The Thai Red Cross College of Nursing (TRC).  She graduated with a doctoral degree in nursing science (DNS) from Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University in 2002.  Her doctoral dissertation entitled “Improving healthcare for people living with HIV/AIDS: Learning from those who suffered” was partially funded by The Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (HSR), WHO, Geneva (2001-2002).  She was also selected to participate in the workshop of health system research granted by HSR in 2002.  Her areas of interest are HIV/AIDS care and health system research related to chronic illness, cariovascular and thoracic disease.  Her research experience include health system research related to HIV/AIDS care, with two projects funded by WHO (SEARO) and another funded by the Japanese government.  At present, she works as a chief and a committee of HIV/AIDS nursing research centre, TRC, overseeing research, healthcare services, and capacity building workshops for PLWHAs and healthcare providers conducted by HIV/AIDS nursing research centre and granted by government funds.  In addition, she has presented research findings related to HIH/AIDS on an international level including USA, Canada, Switzerland, China, and Thailand, and has numerous publications in both Thai journals and international journals.  She has worked as a committee of National TB plan since 2005, and a consultant of HIV/AIDS NGOs, PLWHA clubs and TB patients.

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Published

2020-12-27

How to Cite

Wattradul ด. ., Lerwitworapong ว. ., Khasemophas เ. ., & Kanggerruer ก. . (2020). DEVELOPING A MODEL OF VOLUNTEER SPIRIT OF THE PEER GROUP IN PREVENTING HIV/AIDS FOR THE YOUTHS IN ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS IN THE CITY. JOURNAL OF THE POLICE NURSES, 12(2), 368–379. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/policenurse/article/view/243366

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Section

Research Articles