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The purpose of this research was to study the conditions, patterns, routes and conditions of domestic violence problems, the roles and problems of police officers, and the guidelines for the development of police roles focusing on integrating cooperation from all relevant sectors. Qualitative research methodology had been used. Data were collected from in-depth interviews of key informants, including domestic violence victims, police officers from Metropolitan Police Division 9and officers or persons related to the law enforcement process or persons with experience related to domestic violence issues. The tools used in the study were semi-structured interviews and behavior observation.
The results of the research on the severity of the situation showed that (1) there were more victims of domestic violence (2) more violent actions have been inflicted (3) a variety of violent characteristics has been found varying according to age and (4) domestic violence and alcohol and drug use often come together. Violence forms included physical, mental and sexual violence. The path of domestic violence started from harmonious family relationship and was constantly intensified by the use of harsh words and physical assaults. The victims might be abused only once or repeatedly, and they could break out of the cycle of violence when seeking help. There were factors that cause single domestic violence and repeated domestic violence. In order to develop the role of the police and integrate cooperation from various sectors, the role of the police should be developed in all 5 areas, namely (1) service, investigation and prosecution (2) prevention and suppression (3) prevention campaigns (4) a specialized unit to handle domestic violence cases and (5) development of education and training for police. Integrating cooperation with network agencies and creating a network of cooperation in the community should be promoted.
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