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The purposes of this quasi-experimental research were to compare the self-stigma of persons with schizophrenia before and after participating in promoting perceived self-efficacy program, and to compare the self-stigma of persons with schizophrenia who participated in promoting perceived self-efficacy program and those who received regular nursing care. The subjects were forty persons with schizophrenia who received services in the outpatient department of community hospital who met the inclusion criteria. They were randomly assigned into one experimental group and one control group with 20 subjects in each by matching the age and brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS). The research instruments were the promoting perceived self- efficacy program and the self-stigma of mental illness scale. These instruments were tested for content validity by a panel of five experts. The reliability of the self-stigma of mental illness scale was .87. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test.
The research findings were as follows: 1) The self-stigma of persons with schizophrenia in the community after participating in promoting perceived self-efficacy program were significantly lower than those before at a .05 level (t = 10.39, p = .00). 2) The self-stigma of persons with schizophrenia in the community who participated in promoting perceived self-efficacy program was significantly lower than those who participated in the regular nursing care, at the .05 level (t = -5.82, p = .00).
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