Pregnancy-related Anxiety, Risk Knowledge of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, and Perception of Pregnancy Risk among Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

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Natthapat Karanyasin
Chavee Baosoung
Nantaporn Sansiriphun


This descriptive correlational research aimed to explore the perception of pregnancy risk and the relationships among pregnancy-related anxiety and risk knowledge of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) with perception of pregnancy risk among pregnant women with GDM. The samples were 85 pregnant women with GDM who received the antenatal care at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital and Chiang Mai Health Promotion Center Region 1 Hospital. The research instruments consisted of the demographic questionnaire, the pregnancy-related anxiety questionnaire with reliability as .80, the risk knowledge of GDM questionnaire with reliability as .81, and the perception of pregnancy risk questionnaire with reliability as .88. Data were collected from March to June, 2020. Statistics used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson’s product moment correlation.

The research results revealed that the mean score of perception of pregnancy risk among pregnant women with GDM was at a moderate level (M = 309.46, SD = 136.93). Pregnancy-related anxiety and risk knowledge of GDM were positively statistically significantly related to perception of pregnancy risk among pregnant women with GDM (r = .337, p < .01 and r = .219, p < .05, respectively).

This research suggests that the nurse-midwives should assess pregnancy-related anxiety, risk knowledge of GDM, and perception of pregnancy risk among pregnant women with GDM. As these data should be used to promote the factual perception of pregnancy risk. This will help pregnant women accept and practice the preventive health behavior.


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Karanyasin, N., Baosoung, C., & Sansiriphun, N. (2022). Pregnancy-related Anxiety, Risk Knowledge of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, and Perception of Pregnancy Risk among Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. JOURNAL OF PHRAPOKKLAO NURSING COLLEGE, 33(1), 181–191. Retrieved from
Research Report (รายงานการวิจัย)


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