Measurement Model of Pain Catastrophizing: Testing Measurement Invariance between Acute and Chronic Pain Groups

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Yosapon Leaungsomnapa
Chuanchom Peaschpunpisal
Nusara Prasertsri


This cross-sectional descriptive research aimed to test invariance measurement model of pain catastrophizing between acute and chronic pain groups. The samples consisted of 313 patients with pain who received medical services at Prapokklao Hospital, Chanthaburi Province. The research instruments were composed of the demographic questionnaire and the Thai version of Pain Catastrophizing Scale with reliability as .87. Data were collected from February to July, 2021. Statistics used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Fisher’s exact test, Chi-square test, independent t-test, and multi-group invariance analysis.

The research results revealed that 1) factor form of pain catastrophizing had invariance between acute and chronic pain groups (χ2 = 218.93, df = 104, χ2/df = 2.11, p < .001, RMSEA = .075, NFI = .96, CFI = .98, and IFI = .98); 2) factor form and matrix lambda X of pain catastrophizing had invariance between acute and chronic pain groups (Δ χ2 = 5.23, Δ df = 13, and critical χ2 value = 5.89); and 3) factor form, matrix lambda X, and matrix theta delta of pain catastrophizing had variance between acute and chronic pain groups (Δ χ2 = 39.46, Δ df = 23, and critical χ2 value = 13.09).

This research suggests that health care providers should apply this Thai version of Pain Catastrophizing Scale for measuring pain catastrophizing of patients with acute or chronic pain in proper condition.


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